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What is a “Fabless Company”? Meaning & example of such companies

Here, the term ‘fab’ stands for ‘fabrication’.

Meaning of a Fabless Company

A fabless company is a company who takes part only in designing, selling and marketing aspects of hardware and semiconductor chips but not in the fabrication of such products. That's why they are called 'fabless'.

Such fabless companies do not have their own semiconductor fabrication plant / foundry, where devices like integrated circuits are manufactured.

In order to function effectively, semiconductor foundry often requires high production volume. It requires higher capital investment and hence becomes is a very expensive and risky affair in whole.

Therefore, a fabless company generally outsources the fabrication of such chips and hardware from semiconductor foundries.

A.k.a.

A Fabless company is also otherwise popularly known as a "Fabless semiconductor company".


Examples of Fabless Companies

Some of the corporates from different countries who are Fabless companies:

In U.S.A. - 3Dlabs, Nvidia, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), Xilinx, Cirrus Logic, Marvell, Qualcomm, Cadence Design Systems, Synopsys

In U.K. - Dialog Semiconductor, Arm Holdings, BAE System

In Japan - THine Electronics, Toshiba, NEC Semiconductors, Renesas Electronics

In China - Brite Semiconductor, Unigroup, HiSilicon

In Taiwan - MediaTek, Realtek

In Germany - Infineon Technologies AG

In Singapore - Broadcom Ltd.

In Israel - BroadLight

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