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Quorum for AGM Annual/ Extraordinary General Meeting EGM

Quorum” means the minimum number of members whose presence is necessary for holding a meeting.

Quorum for a meeting under company law - the presence of a minimum number of attendants as prescribed in order to consider that meeting as duly held under the law.

Provisions under the Companies Act, 2013

Provisions for Quorum for General Meetings including Extraordinary General Meeting and Annual General Meeting are prescribed under Section 103 of the Companies Act, 2013.

In case of a Public company,—

If No. of members as on the date of meeting


Not more than 1,000

5 members personally present

More than 1,000 but up to 5,000

15 members personally present

Exceeds 5,000

30 members personally present

In the case of a Private company,—

> Quorum - 2 members personally present at the meeting;
> Here, min. 2 members quorum requirement is irrespective of the no. of members as on the meeting date.

Larger quorum number requirement under the Articles of Association

As per section 103(1), the articles of the company can provide for a larger number for quorum for meetings.

The articles of the company can have such larger quorum provision at the time of incorporation itself or else subsequently the articles can be altered by following necessary procedures to increase the quorum requirement. And, if needed, the same can be further altered to reduce it any time in future also by following necessary legal procedure.

But the articles can not provide for quorum requirements below the minimum numbers as mentioned at the top for public and private companies. It can only be increased and not reduced below minimum.

Quorum for adjourned meeting

The requirement of minimum members personally to be present for an adjourned meeting is the same as the regular meeting.

Consequences of Quorum being not present

If the quorum is not present within half-an-hour from the scheduled time of the meeting —

> In case the meeting is called by requisitionists under section 100, it shall stand cancelled;

> In all other cases, the meeting shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week at the same time and place, or to such other date and such other time and place as the Board may determine; and
   >> the company shall give not less than 3 days’ notice to the members in this regard;
   >> notice can be given either individually or by publishing an advertisement in the newspapers (one in English and one in vernacular language) which is in circulation at the place where the registered office of the company is situated.

Quorum not present in adjourned meeting

In case in the adjourned meeting, a quorum is not present within half-an-hour from the scheduled time of the meeting, the members present shall be the quorum. [Here, members mean at least 2 members.]

Also check out Secretarial Standard-2 (SS-2) on General Meetings for further provisions on quorum.

quorum for general meeting


  1. Paresh Rao01 August, 2020

    The minimum quorum requirement should be reduced to 2 members only. Why should a company suffer if lazy members do not show up at the meeting!

    Important thing is the notice and the agenda should be served on all members. Necessary proofs of despatch of notice should be kept at the company for inspection by the members.


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