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Straight Through Process (STP) of Forms in MCA Portal

Straight Through Process (STP) is the process which is adopted by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) of India in approval of electronic forms filed with it by many companies, LLPs and others.

The companies and LLPs in India are obligated under the corporate law of the country to file certain forms (applications) with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).

These forms are filed to intimate about certain information or take approval from the Ministry viz. appointment of directors and auditors, annual financial statements, incorporation of new companies, issue of share capital, mergers and amalgamation, board resolution or shareholders' resolution on selected important matters, etc.

These forms are filed online at MCA's official online portal.

Some of the forms, which are mainly "informatory in nature", are filed and processed under Straight Through Process (STP) by the Ministry. This means these selective forms are immediately approved and are not checked by any official.

Since these forms are informatory in nature and are already certified by the practicing professionals like Chartered Accountant or Company Secretary or Cost Accountant, the forms are taken on record by the respective Registrar of Companies (RoC) without any checking.

But, at any later point of time in the future, these forms may be examined by the Registrar of Companies (RoC) either suo moto or under any investigation.

Examples of forms approved under STP: Forms PAS-3, DIR-6, MSC-1, CHG-1, few MGT-14 forms, etc.

Mainly to avoid delay in the processing of such forms filed with MCA and yet adhering to the standards of the practicing professionals adopted while verification of forms, this Straight Through Process is adopted by MCA.

The definition of 'Straight Through Process' is given under the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014.

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