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What is Registrar of Companies (ROC) in India? Short Notes

Definition of Registrar of Companies

The definition of "Registrar" is given under clause (75) of section 2 of the Companies Act 2013.

"Registrar" means a Registrar, or an Additional, a Joint, a Deputy or an Assistant Registrar, having the duty of registering companies under the Companies Act, 2013.

Appointment of ROCs, its Role and Functions

The Central Govt., with the power vested under section 396 of the Companies Act, 2013, appoints Registrars of Companies (ROC) and Additional, Joint, Deputy & Assistant Registrars of Companies for various States and Union Territories in India.

Apart from the primary duty of registering companies incorporated in the respective states and the union territories and verifying forms/documents filed by these companies, the said ROC officials are also responsible for ensuring that the companies comply with statutory requirements under the said Act.

States having Two ROCs

Generally most of the State are having only one ROC except the State of Maharashtra and the State of Tamilnadu. These two States have two ROCs each.
In Maharashtra, one ROC is at Mumbai and another at Pune. In Tamil Nadu, one ROC is at Chennai and another ROC at Coimbatore.

List of Present Registrar of Companies for various States in India with the name, address, email id and phone no. is available at Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) site.