A Shelf Company/corporation is a company, which is a duly registered/incorporated company as defined under the Companies Act, 2013 or under any other previous company law. In respect of which the company has already received the Certificate of Incorporation, but the Company has not started its commercial operation.
The Company has shareholders, directors only for name sake or to comply with the legal requirements as provided under the Act.
These kind of companies are generally incorporated with an intention by the incorporator to sell it off to a client who needs it.
The Companies Act, 2013 does not define the Shelf Company.
One of the most important advantages of buying a shelf company is : SAVING OF TIME, which is involved in the setting up or incorporation of a new company.
Other advantage would be attracting customers who likes aged companies.
Generally the firm mainly corporate law firm are engaged in such practices.
Formalities after the buying
Once the client buys the Shelf Company, the directors and shareholders needs to be changed as per the choice of client, which requires some less time consuming filings with the Registrar of Companies.
*These Shelf Company sell practices are generally prevalent in countries like UK, USA, etc, but in India such thing are very rare to find, though there is no illegality in it or the Indian law does not prevent such practices.