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Registrar of Companies (ROC) in India
Definition of Registrar of Companies:
Sub-section 75 of Section
2 of the Companies Act 2013 defines "Registrar" as :
"Registrar" means a Registrar, or an Additional, a Joint, a Deputy or
an Assistant Registrar, having the duty of registering companies under this Act (i.e. the companies act 2013).
Companies - its appointment, Role and functions:
With the power vested
under section 396 of the companies act 2013 (earlier section 609 of the companies act 1956), the Central Govt. appoints Registrars, and Additional,
Joint, Deputy and Assistant Registrars for various States and Union Territories
Apart from the primary
duty of registering companies incorporated in the respective states and the Union
Territories, ROC’s are also responsible for ensuring that the Companies comply
with statutory requirements under the said Act.
States having Two ROCs
Generally most of the State are having only one ROC except the State of Maharashtra and the State of
Tamilnadu. These two States have two ROCs each.
In Maharashtra, one ROC is at Mumbai and another at Pune. In Tamil Nadu, one ROC is at Chennai and another ROC at Coimbatore.