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Section 31 Code on Wages 2019: Payment of bonus out of allocable surplus

Section 31 (Payment of bonus out of allocable surplus) under Chapter IV (Payment of Bonus) of the Code on Wages, 2019.—

❝(1) The bonus shall be paid out of the allocable surplus which shall be an amount equal to sixty per cent. in case of a banking company and sixty-seven per cent. in case of other establishment, of the available surplus and the available surplus shall be the amount calculated in accordance with section 33.

(2) Audited accounts of companies shall not normally be questioned.

(3) Where there is any dispute regarding the quantum of bonus, the authority notified by the appropriate Government having jurisdiction may call upon the employer to produce the balance sheet before it, but the authority shall not disclose any information contained in the balance sheet unless agreed to by the employer.❞



(1) The Code on Wages, 2019, an Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the 8th August, 2019, and was published in the Gazette of India (Extraordinary, Part II - Section 1) by the Ministry of Law and Justice (Legislative Department) on 8th August, 2019.

(2) The Act extends to the whole of India.

(3) Effective Date: The Act shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette appoint; and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Code and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Code shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision.

This page was created/ last updated on 8th August, 2019.

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