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Section 64 Negotiable Instruments Act 1881: Presentment for Payment

Section 64 (Presentment for payment) under Chapter V (Of Presentment) of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 —

❝(1) Promissory notes, bills of exchange and cheques must be presented for payment to the maker, acceptor or drawee thereof respectively, by or on behalf of the holder as hereinafter provided. In default of such presentment, the other parties there to are not liable thereon to such holder.

Where authorized by agreement or usage, a presentment through the post office by means of a registered letter is sufficient.

Exception.—Where a promissory note is payable on demand and is not payable at a specified place, no presentment is necessary in order to charge the maker thereof.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 6, where an electronic image of a truncated cheque is presented for payment, the drawee bank is entitled to demand any further information regarding the truncated cheque from the bank holding the truncated cheque in case of any reasonable suspicion about the genuineness of the apparent tenor of instrument, and if the suspicion is that of any fraud, forgery, tampering or destruction of the instrument, it is entitled to further demand the presentment of the truncated cheque itself for verification:

 Provided that the truncated cheque so demanded by the drawee bank shall be retained by it, if the payment is made accordingly.❞



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Notes:

The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (Act No. 26 of 1881) was amended by:

01. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1885 (Act No. 02 of 1885);
02. Amending Act, 1891 (Act No. 12 of 1891);
03. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1897 (Act No. 06 of 1897);
04. Decentralization Act, 1914 (Act No. 04 of 1914);
05. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1914 (Act No. 05 of 1914);
06. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1919 (Act No. 08 of 1919);
07. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1920 (Act No. 25 of 1920);
08. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1921 (Act No. 12 of 1921);
09. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1922 (Act No. 18 of 1922);
10. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1926 (Act No. 30 of 1926);
11. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1930 (Act No. 25 of 1930);
12. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1934 (Act No. 17 of 1934);
13. Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937;
14. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1947 (Act No. 33 of 1947);
15. Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order, 1948;
16. Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950;
17. Part B States (Laws) Act, 1951 (Act No. 03 of 1951);
18. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1952 (Act No. 53 of 1952);
19. Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 1955 (Act No. 37 of 1955);
20. Jammu and Kashmir (Extension of Laws) Act, 1956 (Act No. 62 of 1956);
21. Repealing and Amending Act, 1957 (Act No. 36 of 1957);
22. Banking, Public Financial Institutions and Negotiable Instruments Laws (Amendment) Act, 1988 (Act No. 66 of 1988);
23. The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 2002 (Act No. 55 of 2002);
24. The Negotiable instruments (Amendment) Act, 2015 (Act No. 26 of 2015);
25. The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 2018 (Act No. 20 of 2018).

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