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Section 23 Maternity Benefit Act 1961: Cognizance of offences

Section 23 (Cognizance of offences) of the Maternity Benefit Act 1961 —

❝(1) Any aggrieved woman, an office-bearer of a trade union registered under the Trade Unions Act, 1926 (16 of 1926) of which such woman is a member or a voluntary organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) or an Inspector, may file a complaint regarding the commission of an offence under this Act in any court of competent jurisdiction and no such complaint shall be filed after the expiry of one year from the date on which the offence is alleged to have been committed.

(2) No court inferior to that of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence under this Act.❞



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Notes:

The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 (No. 53 of 1961) was amended by:
- the Central Labour Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1970 (No. 51 of 1970) (w.e.f. 01-Sep-1971);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1972 (No. 21 of 1972) (w.e.f. 01-Jun-1972);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1973 (No. 52 of 1973) (w.e.f. 01-Mar-1975);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1976 (No. 53 of 1976) (w.e.f. 01-May-1976);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1988 (No. 61 of 1988) (w.e.f. 10-Jan-1989);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1995 (No. 29 of 1995) (w.e.f. 01-Feb-1996);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2008 (No. 15 of 2008) (w.e.f. 15-Apr-2008);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 (No. 06 of 2017) (w.e.f. 01-Apr-2017).

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