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Section 2 Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act 1971: Insults to Indian National Flag & Constitution of India

Section 2 (Insults to Indian National Flag and Constitution of India) of the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 —

❝Whoever in any public place or in any other place within public view burns, mutilates, defaces, defiles, disfigures, destroys, tramples upon or otherwise shows disrespect to or brings into contempt (whether by words, either spoken or written, or by acts) the Indian National Flag or the Constitution of India or any part thereof, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

 Explanation 1.—Comments expressing disapprobation or criticism of the Constitution or of the Indian National Flag or of any measures of the Government with a view to obtain an amendment of the Constitution of India or an alteration of the Indian National Flag by lawful means do not constitute an offence under this section.

 Explanation 2.—The expression “Indian National Flag” includes any picture, painting, drawing or photograph, or other visible representation of the Indian National Flag, or of any part or parts thereof, made of any substance or represented on any substance.

 Explanation 3.—The expression “public place” means any place intended for use by, or accessible to, the public and Includes any public conveyance.

 Explanation 4.—The disrespect to the Indian National Flag means and includes—

 (a) a gross affront or indignity offered to the Indian National Flag; or

 (b) dipping the Indian National Flag in salute to any person or thing; or

 (c) flying the Indian National Flag at half-mast except on occasions on which the Indian National Flag is flown at half-mast on public buildings in accordance with the instructions issued by the Government; or

 (d) using the Indian National Flag as a drapery in any form whatsoever except in State funerals or armed forces or other para-military forces funerals; or

 (e) using the Indian National Flag,—
      (i) as a portion of costume, uniform or accessory of any description which is worn below the waist of any person; or
      (ii) by embroidering or printing it on cushions, handkerchiefs, napkins, undergarments or any dress material; or

 (f) putting any kind of inscription upon the Indian National Flag; or

 (g) using the Indian National Flag as a receptacle for receiving, delivering or carrying anything except flower petals before the Indian National Flag is unfurled as part of celebrations on special occasions including the Republic Day or the Independence day; or

 (h) using the Indian National Flag as covering for a statute or a monument or a speaker’s desk or a speaker’s platform; or

 (i) allowing the Indian National Flag to touch the ground or the floor or trail in water intentionally; or

 (j) draping the Indian National Flag over the hood, top and sides or back or on a vehicle, train, boat or an aircraft or any other similar object; or

 (k) using the Indian National Flag as a covering for a building; or

 (l) intentionally displaying the Indian National Flag with the “saffron” down.❞



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Notes:

Section 2 of the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 (No. 69 of 1971) was amended by:
 • the Prevention of Insults to National Honour (Amendment) Act, 2003 (No. 31 of 2003) (w.e.f. 8th May, 2003);
 • the Prevention of Insults to National Honour (Amendment) Act, 2005 (No. 51 of 2005) (w.e.f. 20th December, 2005).

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