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Section 2 of the Apprentices Act 1961: Definitions

Section 2 (Definitions) under Chapter I (Preliminary) of the Apprentices Act, 1961 —

❝In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

 (a) “All India Council” means the All India Council of Technical Education established by the resolution of the Government of India in the former Ministry of Education No. F. 16-10/44-E.III, dated the 30th November, 1945;

 (aa) “apprentice” means a person who is undergoing apprenticeship training in pursuance of a contract of apprenticeship;

 (aaa) “apprenticeship training” means a course of training in any industry or establishment undergone in pursuance of a contract of apprenticeship and under prescribed terms and conditions which may be different for different categories of apprentices;

 (b) “Apprenticeship Adviser” means the Central Apprenticeship Adviser appointed under sub-section (1) of section 26 or the State Apprenticeship Adviser appointed under sub-section (2) of that section;

 (c) “Apprenticeship Council” means the Central Apprenticeship Council or the State Apprenticeship Council established under sub-section (1) of section 24;

 (d) “appropriate Government” means,—
  (1) in relation to—
    (a) the Central Apprenticeship Council, or
    (aa) the Regional Boards, or
    (aaa) the practical training of graduate or technician apprentices or technician (vocational) apprentices, or
    (b) any establishment of any railway, major port, mine or oil field, or
    (bb) any establishment which is operating business or trade from different locations situated in four or more States, or
    (c) any establishment owned, controlled or managed by—
        (i) the Central Government or a department of the Central Government,
        (ii) a company in which not less than fifty-one per cent. of the share capital is held by the Central Government or partly by that Government and partly by one or more State Governments,
        (iii) a corporation (including a co-operative society) established by or under a Central Act which is owned, controlled or managed by the Central Government,
the Central Government;
  (2) in relation to—
    (a) a State Apprenticeship Council, or
    (b) any establishment other than an establishment specified in sub-clause (1) of this clause,
the State Government;

 (dd) “Board or State Council of Technical Education” means the Board or State Council of Technical Education established by the State Government;

 (e) “designated trade” means any trade or occupation or any subject field in engineering or non-engineering or technology or any vocational course which the Central Government, after consultation with the Central Apprenticeship Council, may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify as a designated trade for the purposes of this Act;

 (f) “employer” means any person who employs one or more other persons to do any work in an establishment for remuneration and includes any person entrusted with the supervision and control of employees in such establishment;

 (g) “establishment” includes any place where any industry is carried on and where an establishment consists of different departments or have branches, whether situated in the same place or at different places, all such departments or branches shall be treated as part of that establishment;

 (h) “establishment in private sector” means an establishment which is not an establishment in public sector;

 (i) “establishment in public sector” means an establishment owned, controlled or managed by—
     (1) the Government or a department of the Government;
     (2) a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);
     (3) a corporation (including a co-operative society) established by or under a Central, Provincial or State Act, which is owned, controlled or managed by the Government;
     (4) a local authority;

 (j) “graduate or technician apprentice” means an apprentice who holds, or is undergoing training in order that he may hold a degree or diploma in engineering or non-engineering or technology or equivalent qualification granted by any institution recognised by the Government and undergoes apprenticeship training in any designated trade;

 (k) “industry” means any industry or business in which any trade, occupation or subject field in engineering or non-engineering or technology or any vocational course may be specified as a designated trade or optional trade or both;

 (l) “National Council” means the National Council for Training in Vocational Trades established by the resolution of the Government of India in the Ministry of Labour (Directorate General of Resettlement and Employment) No. TR/E.P.24/56, dated the 21st August, 1956; and re-named as the National Council for Vocational Training by the resolution of the Government of India in the Ministry of Labour (Directorate-General of Employment and Training) No. DGET/12/21/80-TC, dated the 30th September, 1981;

 (ll) “optional trade” means any trade or occupation or any subject field in engineering or non-engineering or technology or any vocational course as may be determined by the employer for the purposes of this Act;

 (lll) “portal-site” means a website of the Central Government for exchange of information under this Act;

 (m) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

 (mm) “Regional Board” means any Board of Apprenticeship Training registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) at Bombay, Calcutta, Madras or Kanpur;

 (n) “State” includes a Union territory;

 (o) “State Council” means a State Council for Training in Vocational Trades established by the State Government;

 (p) “State Government” in relation to a Union territory means the Administrator thereof;

 (pp) “technician (vocational) apprentice” means an apprentice who holds or is undergoing training in order that he may hold a certificate in vocational course involving two years of study after the completion of the secondary stage of school education recognised by the All-India Council and undergoes apprenticeship training in any designated trade;

 (q) “trade apprentice” means an apprentice who undergoes apprenticeship training in any designated trade;

 (r) “worker” means any person working in the premises of the employer, who is employed for wages in any kind of work either directly or through any agency including a contractor and who gets his wages directly or indirectly from the employer but shall not include an apprentice referred to in clause (aa).❞



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Notes:

The Apprentices Act, 1961 (Act No. 52 of 1961) was amended by:

01. The Repealing and Amending Act, 1964 (52 of 1964);
02. The Central Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1968 (25 of 1968);
03. The Apprentices (Amendment) Act, 1973 (27 of 1973);
04. The Apprentices (Amendment) Act, 1986 (41 of 1986);
05. The Apprentices (Amendment) Act, 1996 (04 of 1997);
06. The Apprentices (Amendment) Act, 2007 (36 of 2007);
07. The Apprentices (Amendment) Act, 2014 (29 of 2014).

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