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Section 1 Maternity Benefit Act 1961: Short title, extent & commencement

Section 1 (Short title, extent and commencement) of the Maternity Benefit Act 1961 —

❝(1) This Act may be called the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961.

 (2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) It shall come into force on such date as may be notified in this behalf in the Official Gazette,—
 (a) in relation to mines and to any other establishment wherein persons are employed for the exhibition of equestrian, acrobatic and other performances, by the Central Government; and
 (b) in relation to other establishments in a State, by the State Government.❞


Preamble of the Act: An Act to regulate the employment of women in certain establishments for certain periods before and after child-birth and to provide for maternity benefit and certain other benefits.

Effective Date: The Act came into force 1st November, 1963, vide notification No. S.O. 2920 (E), dated 5th October, 1963, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3 (ii).

List of Amending Acts:

The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 (No. 53 of 1961) was amended by:
- the Central Labour Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1970 (No. 51 of 1970) (w.e.f. 01-Sep-1971);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1972 (No. 21 of 1972) (w.e.f. 01-Jun-1972);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1973 (No. 52 of 1973) (w.e.f. 01-Mar-1975);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1976 (No. 53 of 1976) (w.e.f. 01-May-1976);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1988 (No. 61 of 1988) (w.e.f. 10-Jan-1989);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 1995 (No. 29 of 1995) (w.e.f. 01-Feb-1996);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2008 (No. 15 of 2008) (w.e.f. 15-Apr-2008);
- the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 (No. 06 of 2017) (w.e.f. 01-Apr-2017).

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