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Section 145 Indian Evidence Act 1872: Cross-examination as to previous statements in writing

Section 145 (Cross-examination as to previous statements in writing) under Chapter X (Of the Examination of Witnesses) of Part III (Production and Effect of Evidence) of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 —

❝A witness may be cross-examined as to previous statements made by him in writing or reduced into writing, and relevant to matters in question, without such writing being shown to him, or being proved; but, if it is intended to contradict him by the writing, his attention must, before the writing can be proved, be called to those parts of it which are to be used for the purpose of contradicting him.❞



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Notes:

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (Act No. 1 of 1872) was amended by:

01. Indian Evidence Act Amendment Act, 1872 (Act No. 18 of 1872);
02. Indian Evidence Act, 1872 Amendment Act, 1887 (Act No. 03 of 1887);
03. Indian Evidence Act, 1872 Amendment Act, 1891 (Act No. 03 of 1891);
04. Indian Evidence Act, 1899 (Act No. 05 of 1899);
05. Repealing and Amending Act, 1914 (Act No. 10 of 1914);
06. Repealing and Amending Act, 1919 (Act No. 18 of 1919);
07. Indian Evidence (Amendment) Act, 1926 (Act No. 31 of 1926);
08. Repealing and Amending Act, 1927 (Act No. 10 of 1927);
09. Amending Act, 1934 (Act No. 35 of 1934);
10. Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937;
11. Repealing Act, 1938 (Act No. 01 of 1938);
12. Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order, 1948;
13. Repealing and Amending Act, 1949 (Act No. 40 of 1949);
14. Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950;
15. Part B States (Laws) Act, 1951 (Act No. 03 of 1951);
16. Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1983 (Act No. 43 of 1983);
17. Criminal Law (Second Amendment) Act, 1983 (Act No. 46 of 1983);
18. Terrorist Affected Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1984 (Act No. 61 of 1984);
19. Information Technology Act, 2000 (Act No. 21 of 2000);
20. Indian Evidence (Amendment) Act, 2002 (Act No. 04 of 2003);
21. Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2005 (Act No. 02 of 2006);
22. Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008 (Act No. 10 of 2009);
23. Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. 13 of 2013);
24. Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 (Act No. 22 of 2018).

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