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Section 76 Succession Act 1925: Misnomer or Misdescription of Object

Section 76 (Misnomer or misdescription of object) under Chapter VI (Of the construction of Wills) of Part VI (Testamentary Succession) of the Indian Succession Act, 1925

❝(1) Where the words used in a will to designate or describe a legatee or a class of legatees sufficiently show what is meant, and error in the name or description shall not prevent the legacy from taking effect.

(2) A mistake in the name of a legatee may be corrected by a description of him, and a mistake in the description of a legatee may be corrected by the name.

Illustrations

 (i) A bequeaths a legacy to “Thomas, the second son of my brother John”. The testator has an only brother named John, who has no son named Thomas, but has a second son whose name is William. William will have the legacy.

 (ii) A bequeaths a legacy “to Thomas, the second son of my brother John”. The testator has an only brother, named John, whose first son is named Thomas and whose second son is named William. Thomas will have the legacy.

 (iii) The testator bequeaths his property “to A and B, the legitimate children of C”. C has no legitimate child, but has two illegitimate children, A and B. The bequest to A and B takes effect, although they are illegitimate.

 (iv) The testator gives his residuary estate to be divided among “my seven children” and, proceeding to enumerate them, mentions six names only. This omission will not prevent the seventh child from taking a share with the others.

 (v) The testator, having six grandchildren, makes a bequest to “my six grandchildren” and, proceeding to mention them by their Christian names, mentions one twice over omitting another altogether. The one whose name is not mentioned will take a share with the others.

 (vi) The testator bequeaths “1,000 rupees to each of the three children of A”. At the date of the will A has four children. Each of these four children will, if he survives the testator, receive a legacy of 1,000 rupees.❞




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Notes:

The Indian Succession Act, 1925 was amended by from time to time by:
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1926 (37 of 1926);
- the Indian Succession (Second Amendment) Act, 1926 (40 of 1926);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1927 (10 of 1927);
- the Repealing Act, 1927 (12 of 1927);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1927 (18 of 1927);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1928 (14 of 1928);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1929 (18 of 1929);
- the Transfer of Property (Amendment) Supplementary Act, 1929 (21 of 1929);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1931 (17 of 1931);
- the Amending Act, 1934 (35 of 1934);
- the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937;
- the Repealing Act, 1938 (1 of 1938);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1939 (17 of 1939);
- the Berar Laws Act, 1941 (4 of 1941);
- the Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order, 1948;
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1949 (35 of 1949);
- the Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950;
- the Part B States (Laws) Act, 1951 (3 of 1951);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1952 (48 of 1952);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1953 (42 of 1953);
- the Union Territories (Laws) Amendment Act, 1956 (68 of 1956);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1957 (34 of 1957);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1962 (16 of 1962);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1964 (52 of 1964);
- the Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1983 (20 of 1983);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1991 (51 of 1991);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 2001 (30 of 2001);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 2002 (26 of 2002).

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