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Section 303 of Indian Succession Act 1925: Executor of his own Wrong

Section 303 (Executor of his own wrong) under Chapter V (Of Executors of their own Wrong) of Part IX (Probate, Letters of Administration and Administration of Assets of Deceased) of the Indian Succession Act, 1925

❝A person who intermeddles with the estate of the deceased or does any other act which belongs to the office of executor, while there is no rightful executor or administrator in existence, thereby makes himself an executor of his own wrong.

 Exceptions.—(1) Intermeddling with the goods of the deceased for the purpose of preserving them or providing for his funeral or for the immediate necessities of his family or property, does not make an executor of his own wrong.

 (2) Dealing in the ordinary course of business with goods of the deceased received from another does not make an executor of his own wrong.
Illustrations
 (i) A uses or gives away or sells some of the goods of the deceased, or takes them to satisfy his own debt or legacy or receives payment of the debts of the deceased. He is an executor of his own wrong.
 (ii) A, having been appointed agent by the deceased in his lifetime to collect his debts and sell his goods, continues to do so after he has become aware of his death. He is an executor of his own wrong in respect of acts done after he has become aware of the death of the deceased.
 (iii) A sues as executor of the deceased, not being such. He is an executor of his own wrong.❞




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Notes:

The Indian Succession Act, 1925 was amended by from time to time by:
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1926 (37 of 1926);
- the Indian Succession (Second Amendment) Act, 1926 (40 of 1926);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1927 (10 of 1927);
- the Repealing Act, 1927 (12 of 1927);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1927 (18 of 1927);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1928 (14 of 1928);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1929 (18 of 1929);
- the Transfer of Property (Amendment) Supplementary Act, 1929 (21 of 1929);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1931 (17 of 1931);
- the Amending Act, 1934 (35 of 1934);
- the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937;
- the Repealing Act, 1938 (1 of 1938);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1939 (17 of 1939);
- the Berar Laws Act, 1941 (4 of 1941);
- the Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order, 1948;
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1949 (35 of 1949);
- the Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950;
- the Part B States (Laws) Act, 1951 (3 of 1951);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1952 (48 of 1952);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1953 (42 of 1953);
- the Union Territories (Laws) Amendment Act, 1956 (68 of 1956);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1957 (34 of 1957);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1962 (16 of 1962);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1964 (52 of 1964);
- the Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1983 (20 of 1983);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 1991 (51 of 1991);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 2001 (30 of 2001);
- the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act, 2002 (26 of 2002).

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