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Section 7 of the Industrial Disputes Act 1947: Labour Courts

Section 7 (Labour Courts) under the Chapter II (Authorities under this Act) of the Industrial Disputes Act 1947

❝(1) The appropriate Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute one or more Labour Courts for the adjudication of industrial disputes relating to any matter specified in the Second Schedule and for performing such other functions as may be assigned to them under this Act.

(2) A Labour Court shall consist of one person only to be appointed by the appropriate Government.

(3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the presiding officer of a Labour Court, unless—
 (a) he is, or has been, a Judge of a High Court; or
 (b) he has, for a period of not less than three years, been a District Judge or an Additional District Judge; or
 (c) [Omitted];
 (d) he has held any judicial office in India for not less than seven years; or
 (e) he has been the presiding officer of a Labour Court constituted under any Provincial Act or State Act for not less than five years.
 (f) he is or has been a Deputy Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) or Joint Commissioner of the State Labour Department, having a degree in law and at least seven years' experience in the labour department including three years of experience as Conciliation Officer:
 Provided that no such Deputy Chief Labour Commissioner or Joint Labour Commissioner shall be appointed unless he resigns from the service of the Central Government or State Government, as the case may be, before being appointed as the presiding officer; or
 (g) he is an officer of Indian Legal Service in Grade III with three years' experience in the grade.❞



The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 has been amended several times since its enactment.
The latest amendments were by the Industrial Disputes (Amendment) Act, 2010 (24 of 2010) and the Finance Act, 2017 (7 of 2017).

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