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Sec 2, Employees’ Provident Funds & Misc. Prov. Act 1952: Definitions

Section 2 (Definitions) of the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952

❝In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

(a) “appropriate Government” means—
  (i) in relation to an establishment belonging to, or under the control of, the Central Government or in relation to an establishment connected with a railway company, a major port, a mine or an oilfield or a controlled industry, or in relation to an establishment having departments or branches in more than one State, the Central Government; and
  (ii) in relation to any other establishment, the State Government;

(aa) “authorised officer” means the Central Provident Fund Commissioner, Additional Central Provident Fund Commissioner, Deputy Provident Fund Commissioner, Regional Provident Fund Commissioner or such other officer as may be authorised by the Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette;

(b) “basic wages” means all emoluments which are earned by an employee while on duty or on leave or on holidays with wages in either case in accordance with the terms of the contract of employment and which are paid or payable in cash to him, but does not include—
 (i) the cash value of any food concession;
 (ii) any dearness allowance (that is to say, all cash payments by whatever name called paid to an employee on account of a rise in the cost of living), house-rent allowance, overtime allowance, bonus commission or any other similar allowance payable to the employee in respect of his employment or of work done in such employment;
 (iii) any presents made by the employer;

(c) “contribution” means a contribution payable in respect of a member under a Scheme or the contribution payable in respect of an employee to whom the Insurance Scheme applies;

(d) “controlled industry” means any industry the control of which by the Union has been declared by a Central Act to be expedient in the public interest;

(e) “employer” means—
  (i) in relation to an establishment which is a factory, the owner or occupier of the factory, including the agent of such owner or occupier, the legal representative of a deceased owner or occupier and, where a person has been named as a manager of the factory under clause (f) of sub-section (1) of section 7 of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948), the person so named; and
  (ii) in relation to any other establishment, the person who, or the authority which, has the ultimate control over the affairs of the establishment, and where the said affairs are entrusted to a manager, managing director or managing agent, such manager, managing director or managing agent;

(f) “employee” means any person who is employed for wages in any kind of work, manual or otherwise, in or in connection with the work of an establishment, and who gets his wages directly or indirectly from the employer, and includes any person—
  (i) employed by or through a contractor in or in connection with the work of the establishment;
  (ii) engaged as an apprentice, not being an apprentice engaged under the Apprentices Act, 1961 (52 of 1961), or under the standing orders of the establishment;

(ff) “exempted employee” means an employee to whom a Scheme or the Insurance Scheme, as the case may be, would, but for the exemption granted under section 17, have applied;

(fff) “exempted establishment” means an establishment in respect of which an exemption has has been granted under section 17 from the operation of all or any of the provisions of any Scheme or the Insurance Scheme, as the case may be, whether such exemption has been granted to the establishment as such or to any person or class of persons employed therein;

(g) “factory” means any premises, including the precincts thereof, in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on or is ordinarily so carried on, whether with the aid of power or without the aid of power;

(h) “Fund” means the provident fund established under a Scheme;

(i) “industry” means any industry specified in Schedule I, and includes any other industry added to the Schedule by notification under section 4;

(ia) “Insurance Fund” means the Deposit-linked Insurance Fund established under sub-section (2) of section 6C;

(ib) “Insurance Scheme” means the Employees Deposit-linked Insurance Scheme framed under sub-section (1) of section 6C;

(ic) “manufacture” or “manufacturing process” means any process for making, altering, repairing, ornamenting, finishing, packing, oiling, washing, cleaning, breaking up, demolishing or otherwise treating or adapting any article or substance with a view to its use, sale, transport, delivery or disposal;

(j) “member” means a member of the Fund;

(k) “occupier of a factory” means the person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the factory, and, where the said affairs are entrusted to a managing agent, such agent shall be deemed to be the occupier of the factory;

(kA) “Pension Fund” means the Employees’ Pension Fund established under sub-section (2) of section 6A;

(kB) “Pension Scheme” means the Employees’ Pension Scheme framed under sub-section (1) of section 6A;

(ka) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(kb) “Recovery Officer” means any officer of the Central Government, State Government or the Board of Trustees constituted under section 5A, who may be authorised by the Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, to exercise the powers of a Recovery Officer under this Act;

(l) “Scheme” means the Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme framed under section 5;

(ll) “Superannuation”, in relation to an employee, who is the member of the Pension Scheme means the attainment, by the said employee, of the age of fifty-eight years;

(m) “Tribunal” means the Industrial Tribunal referred to in section 7D.❞




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Notes:

The Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 has been amended several times since its enactment.
The last two amendments were by the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1998 (Act No. 10 of 1998) and the Finance Act, 2017 (Act No. 7 of 2017).

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