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Section 18 of the Citizenship Act 1955: Power to Make Rules

Section 18 (Power to make rules) of the Citizenship Act 1955

❝(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for―
(a) the registration of anything required or authorised under this Act to be registered, and the conditions and restrictions in regard to such registration;
(aa) the form and manner in which a declaration under sub-section (1) of section 4 shall be made;
(b) the forms to be used and the registers to be maintained under this Act;
(c) the administration and taking of oaths of allegiance under this Act and the time within which and the manner in which, such oaths shall be taken and recorded;
(d) the giving of any notice required or authorised to be given by any person under this Act;
(e) the cancellation of the registration of, and the cancellation and amendment of certificates of naturalisation relating to, persons deprived of citizenship under this Act, and the delivering up of such certificates for those purposes;
(ee) the manner and form in which and the authority to whom declarations referred to in clauses (a) and (b) of sub-section (6) of section 6A shall be submitted and other matters connected with such declarations;
(eea) the conditions and the manner subject to which a person may be registered as an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder under sub-section (1) of section 7A;
(eeb) the manner of making declaration for renunciation of Overseas Citizen of India Card under sub-section (1) of section 7C;
(f) the registration at Indian consulates of the births and deaths of persons of any class or description born or dying outside India;
(g) the levy and collection of fees in respect of applications, registrations, declarations and certificates under this Act, in respect of the taking of an oath of allegiance, and in respect of the supply of certified or other copies of documents;
(h) the authority to determine the question of acquisition of citizenship of another country, the procedure to be followed by such authority and rules of evidence relating to such cases;
(i) the procedure to be followed by the committees of inquiry appointed under section 10 and the conferment on such committees of any of the powers, rights and privileges of civil courts;
(ia) the procedure to be followed in compulsory registration of the citizens of India under sub-section (5) of section 14A;
(j) the manner in which applications for revision may be made and the procedure to be followed by the Central Government in dealing with such applications; and
(k) any other matter which is to be, or may be, prescribed under the Act.

(3) In making any rule under this section, the Central Government may provide that a breach thereof shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.

 Provided that any rule made in respect of a matter specified in clause (ia) of sub-section (2) may provide that a breach thereof shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both.

(4) Every rule made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of session, immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.❞



The Citizenship Act, 1955 has been amended several times since its enactment.
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1957 (65 of 1957);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1960 (58 of 1960);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1985 (65 of 1985);
- the Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1985 (4 of 1986);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1986 (51 of 1986);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1992 (39 of 1992);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 (06 of 2004);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005 (32 of 2005);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2015 (01 of 2015).

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