Daily Email Newsletter (Sign-up Free)

Section 1 (Short title) & Section 2 (Interpretation) of Citizenship Act 1955

Section 1. Short title.―

❝This Act may be called the Citizenship Act, 1955.❞

Section 2. Interpretation.―

❝(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,―
(a) “a Government in India” means the Central Government or a State Government.
(b) “illegal migrant” means a foreigner who has entered into India―
  (i) without a valid passport or other travel documents and such other document or authority as may be prescribed by or under any law in that behalf; or
  (ii) with a valid passport or other travel documents and such other document or authority as may be prescribed by or under any law in that behalf but remains therein beyond the permitted period of time;
(d) “Indian consulate” means the office of any consular officer of the Government of India where a register of births is kept, or where there is no such office, such office as may be prescribed;
(e) “minor” means a person who has not attained the age of eighteen years;
(ee) “Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder” means a person registered as an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder by the Central Government under section 7A;
(f) “person” does not include any company or association or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not;
(g) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(h) “undivided India” means India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935, as originally enacted.

(2) For the purposes of this Act, a person born aboard a registered ship or aircraft, or aboard an unregistered ship or aircraft of the government of any country, shall be deemed to have been born in the place in which the ship or aircraft was registered or, as the case may be, in that country.

(3) Any reference in this Act to the status or description of the father of a person at the time of that person's birth shall, in relation to a person born after the death of his father, be construed as a reference to the status or description of the father at the time of the father's death; and where that death occurred before, and the birth occurs after, the commencement of this Act, the status or description which would have been applicable to the father had he died after the commencement of this Act shall be deemed to be the status or description applicable to him at the time of his death.

(4) For the purposes of this Act, a person shall be deemed to be of full age if he is not a minor and of full capacity if he is not of unsound mind.❞



..............................................................

Preamble of the Act: An Act to provide for the acquisition and determination of Indian citizenship.

..............................................................

Notes:

This Act has been extended to the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar haveli, vide Notification No. S.O. 846, dated 17-3-1962, Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3(ii), page 517. The Union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu vide Notification No. S.O. 847, dated 17-3-1962, see ibid., and to Pondicherry with modification vide Notification No. G.S.R. 1557, dated 24-11-1962, Gazette of India, Part II, section 3(i).

..............................................................

Extra Notes:

The Citizenship Act, 1955 has been amended several times since its enactment.
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1957 (65 of 1957);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1960 (58 of 1960);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1985 (65 of 1985);
- the Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1985 (4 of 1986);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1986 (51 of 1986);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 1992 (39 of 1992);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 (06 of 2004);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005 (32 of 2005);
- the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2015 (01 of 2015).

No comments:

Post a Comment

In comment with "Name/Url" option, only Name is mandatory to be filled.