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Section 1, EPF & Misc. Prov. Act 1952: Short Title, Extent & Application

Section 1 (Short title, extent and application) of the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952

❝(1) This Act may be called the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.

(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

(3) Subject to the provisions contained in section 16, it applies—
 (a) to every establishment which is a factory engaged in any industry specified in Schedule I and in which twenty or more persons are employed, and
 (b) to any other establishment employing twenty or more persons or class of such establishments which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf:
Provided that the Central Government may, after giving not less than two months’ notice of its intention so to do, by notification in the Official Gazette, apply the provisions of this Act to any establishment employing such number of persons less than twenty as may be specified in the notification.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3) of this section or sub-section (1) of section 16, where it appears to the Central Provident Fund Commissioner, whether on an application made to him in this behalf or otherwise, that the employer and the majority of employees in relation to any establishment have agreed that the provisions of this Act should be made applicable to the establishment, he may, by notification in the Official Gazette, apply the provisions of this Act to that establishment on and from the date of such agreement or from any subsequent date specified in such agreement.

(5) An establishment to which this Act applies shall continue to be governed by this Act notwithstanding that the number of persons employed therein at any time falls below twenty.❞


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Preamble of the Act: An Act to provide for the institution of provident funds, pension fund and deposit-linked insurance fund for employees in factories and other establishments.

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This Act has been extended to Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 and I Schedule; Pondicherry by Reg. 7 of 1963, s. 3 and II Schedule and Goa, Daman and Diu by Reg. 11 of 1963, s. 3 and Schedule.

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Extra Notes:

The Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 has been amended several times since its enactment:
- the Employees' Provident Funds (Amendment) Act, 1953 (Act No. 37 of 1953);
- the Employees' Provident Funds (Amendment) Act, 1956 (Act No. 94 of 1956);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1957 (Act No. 36 of 1957);
- the Employees' Provident Funds (Amendment) Act, 1958 (Act No. 22 of 1958);
- the Employees' Provident Funds (Amendment) Act, 1960 (Act No. 46 of 1960);
- the Employees' Provident Funds (Amendment) Act, 1962 (Act No. 48 of 1962);
- the Employees' Provident Funds (Amendment) Act, 1963 (Act No. 28 of 1963);
- the Employees' Provident Funds (Amendment) Act, 1965 (Act No. 22 of 1965);
- the Labour Provident Fund Laws (Amendment) Act, 1971 (Act No. 16 of 1971);
- the Employees' Provident Funds and Family Pension Fund (Amendment) Act, 1973 (40 of 1973);
- the Labour Provident Fund Laws (Amendment) Act 1976 (Act No. 99 of 1976);
- the Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1985 (Act No. 04 of 1986);
- the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1988 (Act No. 33 of 1988);
- the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1996 (Act No. 25 of 1996);
- the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1998 (Act No. 10 of 1998);
- the Finance Act, 2017 (Act No. 7 of 2017).

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