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Section 45C of ESI Act 1948: Issue of certificate to the Recovery Officer

Section 45C (Issue of certificate to the Recovery Officer) under the Chapter IV (Contributions) of the Employees’ State Insurance Act 1948

❝(1) Where any amount is in arrear under this Act, the authorised officer may issue, to the Recovery Officer, a certificate under his signature specifying the amount of arrears and the Recovery Officer, on receipt of such certificate, shall proceed to recover the amount specified therein from the factory or establishment or, as the case may be, the principal or immediate employer by one or more of the modes mentioned below:—

 (a) attachment and sale of the movable or immovable property of the factory or establishment or, as the case may be, the principal or immediate employer;
 (b) arrest of the employer and his detention in prison;
 (c) appointing a receiver for the management of the movable or immovable properties of the factory or establishment or, as the case may be, the employer:

 Provided that the attachment and sale of any property under this section shall first be effected against the properties of the factory or establishment and where such attachment and sale is insufficient for recovering the whole of the amount of arrears specified in the certificate, the Recovery Officer may take such proceedings against the property of the employer for recovery of the whole or any part of such arrears.

(2) The authorised officer may issue a certificate under sub-section (1) notwithstanding that proceedings for recovery of the arrears by any other mode have been taken.❞




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Notes:

The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 was amended by the:
- the A.O. 1950;
- the A.O. (No. 3) 1956;
- the A.O. (No. 4) 1957;
- the Employees' State Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1951 (Act No. 53 of 1951);
- the Employees' State Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1966 (Act No. 44 of 1966);
- the Employees' State Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. 38 of 1975);
- the Employees' State Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1984 (Act No. 45 of 1984);
- the Employees' State Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1989 (Act No. 29 of 1989);
- the Employees' State Insurance (Amendment) Act, 2010 (Act No. 18 of 2010).

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