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Section 3 of the Limitation Act 1963: Bar of Limitation

Section 3 (Bar of limitation) under the Part II (Limitation of Suits, Appeals and Applications) of the Limitation Act 1963

❝(1) Subject to the provisions contained in sections 4 to 24 (inclusive), every suit instituted, appeal preferred, and application made after the prescribed period shall be dismissed, although limitation has not been set up as a defence.

(2) For the purposes of this Act,—

(a) a suit is instituted,—
  (i) in an ordinary case, when the plaint is presented to the proper officer;
  (ii) in the case of a pauper, when his application for leave to sue as a pauper is made; and
  (iii) in the case of a claim against a company which is being wound up by the court, when the claimant first sends in his claim to the official liquidator;

(b) any claim by way of a set off or a counter claim, shall be treated as a separate suit and shall be deemed to have been instituted—
  (i) in the case of a set off, on the same date as the suit in which the set off is pleaded;
  (ii) in the case of a counter claim, on the date on which the counter claim is made in court;

(c) an application by notice of motion in a High Court is made when the application is presented to the proper officer of that court.❞




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Notes:

The Limitation Act, 1963 was amended by the:
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1964 (Act No. 52 of 1964);
- the Limitation (Amendment) Act, 1969 (Act No. 10 of 1969);
- the Repealing and Amending Act, 1974 (Act No. 56 of 1974);
- the Code of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1976 (Act No. 104 of 1976);
- the Code of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1999 (Act No. 46 of 1999).

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