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Sec 4, Factories Act 1948: Power to Declare Different Depts. to be Separate Factories

Section 4 (Power to declare different departments to be separate factories or two or more factories to be a single factory) under Chapter I (Preliminary) of the Factories Act 1948

❝The State Government may, on its own or on an application made in this behalf by an occupier, direct, by an order in writing and subject to such conditions as it may deem fit that for all or any of the purposes of this Act different departments or branches of a factory of the occupier specified in the application shall be treated as separate factories or that two or more factories of the occupier specified in the application shall be treated as a single factory:

 Provided that no order under this section shall be made by the State Government on its own motion unless an opportunity of being heard is given to the occupier.❞



The Factories Act 1948 was amended by the:
- Repealing and Amending Act, 1949 (No. 40 of 1949);
- Repealing and Amending Act, 1950 (No. 35 of 1950);
- Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950 (A.O. 1950);
- Factories (Amendment) Act, 1954 (No. 25 of 1954);
- Central Labour Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1970 (No. 51 of 1970);
- Factories (Amendment) Act, 1976 (No. 94 of 1976);
- Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987 (No. 20 of 1987).

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