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Section 14 of Copyright Act 1957: Meaning of Copyright

Section 14 (Meaning of copyright) under Chapter III (Copyright) of the Copyright Act 1957

❝For the purposes of this Act, “copyright” means the exclusive right subject to the provisions of this Act, to do or authorise the doing of any of the following acts in respect of a work or any substantial part thereof, namely:—

(a) in the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work, not being a computer programme,—
 (i) to reproduce the work in any material form including the storing of it in any medium by electronic means;
 (ii) to issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in circulation;
 (iii) to perform the work in public, or communicate it to the public;
 (iv) to make any cinematograph film or sound recording in respect of the work;
 (v) to make any translation of the work;
 (vi) to make any adaptation of the work;
 (vii) to do, in relation to a translation or an adaptation of the work, any of the acts specified in relation to the work in sub-clauses (i) to (vi);

(b) in the case of a computer programme,—
 (i) to do any of the acts specified in clause (a);
 (ii) to sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for commercial rental any copy of the computer programme:

Provided that such commercial rental does not apply in respect of computer programmes where the programme itself is not the essential object of the rental.

(c) in the case of an artistic work,—
 (i) to reproduce the work in any material form including—
  (A) the storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means; or
  (B) depiction in three-dimensions of a two-dimensional work; or
  (C) depiction in two-dimensions of a three-dimensional work;

(d) in the case of a cinematograph film,—
 (i) to make a copy of the film, including—
  (A) a photograph of any image forming part thereof; or
  (B) storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means;
 (ii) to sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for such rental, any copy of the film.

(e) in the case of a sound recording,—
 (i) to make any other sound recording embodying it including storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means;
 (ii) to sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for such rental, any copy of the sound recording;
 (iii) to communicate the sound recording to the public.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, a copy which has been sold once shall be deemed to be a copy already in circulation.❞



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Notes:

Section 14 of the Copyright Act 1957 was amended by:
- the Copyright (Amendment) Act 1994 (No. 38 of 1994), sec. 7, w.e.f. 10-May-1995;
- the Copyright (Amendment) Act 1999 (No. 49 of 1999), sec. 3, w.e.f. 15-Jan-2000;
- the Copyright (Amendment) Act 2012 (No. 27 of 2012), sec. 5, w.e.f. 21-Jun-2012.

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