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Sec 23A, Payment & Settlement Systems Act 2007: Protection of Funds

The Payment and Settlement Systems Act 2007,

Chapter V (Rights and Duties of a System Provider),

Section 23A (Protection of funds collected from customers) :‒

❝(1) The Reserve Bank may, in public interest or in the interest of the customers of designated payment systems or to prevent the affairs of such designated payment system from being conducted in a manner prejudicial to the interests of its customers, require system provider of such payment system to—

(a) deposit and keep deposited in a separate account or accounts held in a scheduled commercial bank; or
(b) maintain liquid assets in such manner and form as it may specify from time to time,

of an amount equal to such percentage of the amounts collected by the system provider of designated payment system from its customers and remaining outstanding, as may be specified by the Reserve Bank from time to time:

Provided that the Reserve Bank may specify different percentages and the manner and forms for different categories of designated payment systems.

(2) The balance held in the account or accounts, referred to in sub-section (1), shall not be utilised for any purpose other than for discharging the liabilities arising on account of the usage of the payment service by the customers or for repaying to the customers or for such other purpose as may be specified by the Reserve Bank from time to time.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949), or the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) or the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013) or any other law for the time being in force, the persons entitled to receive payment under sub-section (2) shall have a first and paramount charge on the balance held in that account and the liquidator or receiver or assignee (by whatever name called) of the system provider of the designated payment system or the scheduled commercial bank concerned, whether appointed as provisional or otherwise, shall not utilise the said balances for any other purposes until all such persons are paid in full or adequate provision is made therefor.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, the expressions—
  (a) "designated payment system" shall mean a payment system or a class of payment system, as may be specified by the Reserve Bank from time to time, engaged in collection of funds from their customers for rendering payment service;
  (b) "scheduled commercial bank" shall mean a "banking company", "corresponding new bank", "State Bank of India" and "subsidiary bank" as defined in section 5 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949) and included in the Second Schedule to the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934).❞



(1) Section 23A of the Act was newly inserted by the the Payment and Settlement Systems (Amendment) Act, 2015, sec. 4. [Effective date to be notified]

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