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Exponential Growth in Digital Transactions in India (2016-2018)

Nov 9, 2018: Over the past two years, Digital payment transactions have registered tremendous growth in India. New payment modes – Bharat Interface for Money-Unified Payments Interface (BHIM-UPI), Aadhaar enabled Payment System (AePS) and National Electronic Toll Collection (NETC) – have transformed digital payment ecosystem by increasing Person to Person (P2P) as well as Person to Merchant (P2M) payments. At the same time existing payment modes such as debit cards, credit cards, Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) and Pre Paid Instruments(PPI) have registered substantial growth.

With exponential growth, new payment modes have also emerged as a convenient alternative to existing payment modes like debit cards, credit cards, IMPS and PPI. For the first time, the number of monthly transactions under BHIM-UPI during Sept 2018 surpassed those of any other existing payment mode.

Significant Increase in Digital Payment Transactions:

Total Transactions: The number of digital payment transactions in the month of Oct, 2016 was 79.67 Cr. This has increased by 207% to 244.81 Cr in Aug, 2018. Total value of transactions in Oct, 2016 was Rs.108.7 Lakh Crore which has increased by 88% to Rs. 204.86 Lakh Crore in Aug, 2018. Source : RBI, NPCI, Data provided by 56 Banks to MeitY

High Growth of New Payments Platforms:

Growth of BHIM-UPI: In Oct 2016, the number of transactions on BHIM-UPI was 1.031 lakh with a value of Rs 48 Cr., which has increased to 48.236 Cr transactions with a value of Rs 74,978.27 Cr in Oct 2018. Source: NPCI Website

Growth in AePS: In Oct, 2016, the number of transactions on AePS was 2.57 Cr with a value of Rs 221 Cr, which has increased to 15.07 Cr transactions with a value of Rs. 5893 Cr in Oct 2018. Source: Information provided by NPCI on Weekly basis to MeitY

Growth in Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS) as Utility Bill Payments4: In Oct 2016, the number of transactions on BBPS was 11,000 with a value of Rs. 0.035 Cr, which has increased to 2.94 Cr transactions with a value of Rs. 910 Cr. in Oct 2018. Source: Information provided by NPCI on Weekly basis to MeitY

National e-Toll Collection (NETC): On Dec 2016, NETC was launched for electronic toll collection at toll plazas using FASTAG. Using NETC, the number of electronic transactions using FASTAG at toll plazas is 2.22 Cr with a value of Rs. 502 Cr in Oct 2018.

Growth of Digital Payment Transactions of Existing Payment Modes - Debit Cards, Credit Card, Immediate Payments System (IMPS) and Pre Paid Instruments (PPI).

Growth of Digital Transaction for Existing Four Modes (stats as under):

FY

Number of Transactions (In crore)

Year on Year Growth Rate (Percentage)

2007-08

38.4

9%

2008-09

38.7

1%

2009-10

40.4

4%

2010-11

50.2

24%

2011-12

67.8

35%

2012-13

93.2

37%

2013-14

127.7

37%

2014-15

181.6

42%

2015-16

292.8

61%

2016-17

595.7

103%

2017-18

921.7

55%

2018-19

(Till Aug)

580.1

NA


Figures in Crores, Source: Payments Systems Indicator Report, DBIE, RBI




Source: Ministry of Electronics & IT

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