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Central Govt Notification under section 115JH(1) of Income-tax Act 1961

Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) Notification S.O. 3039 (E) dated the 22nd June, 2018, is reproduced as under:—

In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 115JH of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) (hereinafter referred to as the Act), the Central Government hereby notifies that,—

 A. in a case where a foreign company is said to be resident in India on account of its Place of Effective Management (hereinafter referred to as PoEM) being in India under sub-section (3) of section 6 of the Act in any previous year and such foreign company has not been resident in India in any of the previous years preceding the said previous year, then, notwithstanding anything contained in the Act, the provisions of the Act relating to the computation of total income, treatment of unabsorbed depreciation, set off or carry forward and set off of losses, collection and recovery and special provisions relating to avoidance of tax shall apply to the foreign company for the said previous year with exceptions, modifications and adaptations specified here under:

(i) If the foreign company is assessed to tax in the foreign jurisdiction, and,—
  (a) where it is required to take into account depreciation for the purpose of computation of its taxable income, the written down value (hereinafter referred to as WDV) of the depreciable asset as per the tax record in the foreign country on the 1st day of the previous year shall be adopted as the opening WDV for the said previous year,
  (b) in cases not covered by (a), the WDV shall be calculated in the manner, as though the asset was installed, utilised and the depreciation was actually allowed as per the provisions of the laws of that foreign jurisdiction and the WDV so arrived at as on the 1st day of the previous year, shall be adopted to be the opening WDV for the said previous year.

(ii) If the foreign company is not assessed to tax in the foreign jurisdiction, then WDV of the depreciable asset as appearing in the books of account as on the 1st day of the previous year maintained in accordance with the laws of that foreign jurisdiction shall be adopted as the opening WDV for the said previous year.

(iii) If the foreign company is assessed to tax in the foreign jurisdiction, its brought forward loss and unabsorbed depreciation as per the tax record shall be determined year wise on the 1st day of the said previous year.

(iv) If the foreign company is not assessed to tax in the foreign jurisdiction, its brought forward loss and unabsorbed depreciation as per the books of account prepared in accordance with the laws of that country shall be determined year wise on the 1st day of the said previous year.

(v) The brought forward loss and unabsorbed depreciation of the foreign company as arrived at paras (iii) or (iv), as the case may be, shall be deemed as loss and unabsorbed depreciation brought forward as on the 1st day of the said previous year and shall be allowed to be set off and carried forward in accordance with the provisions of the Act for the remaining period calculated from the year in which they occurred for the first time taking that year as the first year.

Provided that the losses and unabsorbed depreciation of the foreign company shall be allowed to be set off only against such income of the foreign company which have become chargeable to tax in India on account of it becoming Indian resident.

(vi) In cases where the brought forward loss and unabsorbed depreciation referred to in para (iii) or (iv), as the case may be, originally adopted in India are revised or modified in the foreign jurisdiction due to any action of the tax or legal authority, the amount of the loss and unabsorbed depreciation shall be revised or modified for the purposes of set off and carry forward as referred to in para (v).

(vii) In cases where the accounting year does not end on 31st March, the foreign company shall be required to prepare profit and loss account and balance sheet for the period starting from the date on which the accounting year immediately following said accounting year begins, upto 31st March of the year immediately preceding the period beginning with 1st April and ending on 31st March during which the foreign company has become resident. The foreign company shall also be required to prepare profit and loss account and balance sheet for succeeding periods of twelve months, beginning from 1st April and ending on 31st March, till the year the foreign company remains resident in India on account of its PoEM.

(viii) For the purpose of carry forward of loss and unabsorbed depreciation in cases where the accounting year followed by the foreign company does not end on 31st March and the period starting from the date on which immediately following year begins upto 31st March of the year, immediately preceding the period beginning with 1st April and ending on 31st March during which it has become resident, is,—
 (a) less than six months, it shall be included in that accounting year;
 (b) equal to or more than six months, that period shall be treated as a separate accounting year.
Thus, if the accounting year followed by the foreign company is calendar year, the accounting year immediately preceding the accounting year in which the foreign company is held to be resident in India, shall be increased by three months, i.e., 1st January to 31st March; and if the accounting year followed by the foreign company is from 1st July to 30th June, the accounting year immediately preceding the accounting year in which the foreign company is held to be resident in India, shall be of nine months from 1st July to 31st March.

(ix) In cases covered under para (viii), loss and unabsorbed depreciation as per tax record or books of account, as the case may be, of the foreign company shall, be allocated on proportionate basis.

(x) Where more than one provision of Chapter XVII-B of the Act applies to the foreign company as resident as well as foreign company, the provision applicable to the foreign company alone shall apply.

(xi) Compliance to those provisions of Chapter XVII-B of the Act as are applicable to the foreign company prior to its becoming Indian resident shall be considered sufficient compliance to the provisions of said Chapter.

(xii) The provisions contained in sub-section (2) of section 195 of the Act shall apply in such manner so as to include payment to the foreign company.

(xiii) The foreign company shall be entitled to relief or deduction of taxes paid in accordance with the provisions of section 90 or section 91 of the Act.

(xiv) In a case where income on which foreign tax has been paid or deducted, is offered to tax in more than one year, credit of foreign tax shall be allowed across those years in the same proportion in which the income is offered to tax or assessed to tax in India in respect of the income to which it relates and shall be in accordance with the provisions of rule 128 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962.

Explanation.— For the purposes of this notification,—
 (i) the term “Foreign jurisdiction” would mean the place of incorporation of the foreign company.
 (ii) the rate of exchange for conversion into rupees of value expressed in foreign currency, wherever applicable, shall be in accordance with provision of rule 115 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962.

B. the exceptions, modifications and adaptations referred to in para A shall not apply in respect of such income of the foreign company becoming Indian resident on account of its PoEM being in India which would have been chargeable to tax in India, even if the foreign company had not become Indian resident.

C. in a case where the foreign company is said to be resident in India during a previous year, immediately succeeding a previous year during which it is said to be resident in India; the exceptions, modifications and adaptations referred to in para A shall apply to the said previous year subject to the condition that the WDV, the brought forward loss and the unabsorbed depreciation to be adopted on the 1st day of the previous year shall be those which have been arrived at on the last day of the preceding previous year in accordance with the provisions of this notification.

D. any transaction of the foreign company with any other person or entity under the Act shall not be altered only on the ground that the foreign company has become Indian resident.

E. subject to the above, the foreign company shall continue to be treated as a foreign company even if it is said to be resident in India and all the provisions of the Act shall apply accordingly. Consequently, the provisions specifically applicable to,—

 (i) a foreign company, shall continue to apply to it;
 (ii) non-resident persons, shall not apply to it; and
 (iii) the provisions specifically applicable to resident, shall apply to it.

F. in case of conflict between the provision applicable to the foreign company as resident and the provision applicable to it as foreign company, the later shall generally prevail. Therefore, the rate of tax in case of foreign company shall remain the same, i.e., rate of income-tax applicable to the foreign company even though residency status of the foreign company changes from non-resident to resident on the basis of PoEM.

2. This notification shall be deemed to have come into force from the 1st day of April, 2017.

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