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Sections 18-40, Competition Act 2002: Duties, Powers & Functions Of Commission

Here, Commission means Competition Commission of India (CCI).

Chapter IV (Duties, Powers and Functions of Commission) of the Competition Act, 2002: —

Section 18. Duties of Commission.—

Subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall be the duty of the Commission to eliminate practices having adverse effect on competition, promote and sustain competition, protect the interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade carried on by other participants, in markets in India:


 Provided that the Commission may, for the purpose of discharging its duties or performing its functions under this Act, enter into any memorandum or arrangement with the prior approval of the Central Government, with any agency of any foreign country.


Section 19. Inquiry into certain agreements and dominant position of enterprise.—

(1) The Commission may inquire into any alleged contravention of the provisions contained in sub-section (1) of section 3 or sub-section (1) of section 4 either on its own motion or on—

  (a) receipt of any information, in such manner and accompanied by such fee as may be determined by regulations, from any person, consumer or their association or trade association; or

  (b) a reference made to it by the Central Government or a State Government or a statutory authority.

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (1), the powers and functions of the Commission shall include the powers and functions specified in sub-sections (3) to (7).

(3) The Commission shall, while determining whether an agreement has an appreciable adverse effect on competition under section 3, have due regard to all or any of the following factors, namely:—

 (a) creation of barriers to new entrants in the market;
 (b) driving existing competitors out of the market;
 (c) foreclosure of competition by hindering entry into the market;
 (d) accrual of benefits to consumers;
 (e) improvements in production or distribution of goods or provision of services;
 (f) promotion of technical, scientific and economic development by means of production or distribution of goods or provision of services.

(4) The Commission shall, while inquiring whether an enterprise enjoys a dominant position or not under section 4, have due regard to all or any of the following factors, namely:—

 (a) market share of the enterprise;
 (b) size and resources of the enterprise;
 (c) size and importance of the competitors;
 (d) economic power of the enterprise including commercial advantages over competitors;
 (e) vertical integration of the enterprises or sale or service network of such enterprises;
 (f) dependence of consumers on the enterprise;
 (g) monopoly or dominant position whether acquired as a result of any statute or by virtue of being a Government company or a public sector undertaking or otherwise;
 (h) entry barriers including barriers such as regulatory barriers, financial risk, high capital cost of entry, marketing entry barriers, technical entry barriers, economies of scale, high cost of substitutable goods or service for consumers;
 (i) countervailing buying power;
 (j) market structure and size of market;
 (k) social obligations and social costs;
 (l) relative advantage, by way of the contribution to the economic development, by the enterprise enjoying a dominant position having or likely to have an appreciable adverse effect on competition;
 (m) any other factor which the Commission may consider relevant for the inquiry.

(5) For determining whether a market constitutes a “relevant market” for the purposes of this Act, the Commission shall have due regard to the “relevant geographic market’’ and “relevant product market”.


(6) The Commission shall, while determining the “relevant geographic market”, have due regard to all or any of the following factors, namely:—

 (a) regulatory trade barriers;
 (b) local specification requirements;
 (c) national procurement policies;
 (d) adequate distribution facilities;
 (e) transport costs;
 (f) language;
 (g) consumer preferences;
 (h) need for secure or regular supplies or rapid after-sales services.

(7) The Commission shall, while determining the “relevant product market”, have due regard to all or any of the following factors, namely:—
 (a) physical characteristics or end-use of goods;
 (b) price of goods or service;
 (c) consumer preferences;
 (d) exclusion of in-house production;
 (e) existence of specialised producers;
 (f) classification of industrial products.


Section 20. Inquiry into combination by Commission.—


(1) The Commission may, upon its own knowledge or information relating to acquisition referred to in clause (a) of section 5 or acquiring of control referred to in clause (b) of section 5 or merger or amalgamation referred to in clause (c) of that section, inquire into whether such a combination has caused or is likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India:


 Provided that the Commission shall not initiate any inquiry under this sub-section after the expiry of one year from the date on which such combination has taken effect.


(2) The Commission shall, on receipt of a notice under sub-section (2) of section 6 or upon receipt of a reference under sub-section (1) of section 21, inquire whether a combination referred to in that notice or reference has caused or is likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India.


(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 5, the Central Government shall, on the expiry of a period of two years from the date of commencement of this Act and thereafter every two years, in consultation with the Commission, by notification, enhance or reduce, on the basis of the wholesale price index or fluctuations in exchange rate of rupee or foreign currencies, the value of assets or the value of turnover, for the purposes of that section.


(4) For the purposes of determining whether a combination would have the effect of or is likely to have an appreciable adverse effect on competition in the relevant market, the Commission shall have due regard to all or any of the following factors, namely:—

 (a) actual and potential level of competition through imports in the market;
 (b) extent of barriers to entry into the market;
 (c) level of combination in the market;
 (d) degree of countervailing power in the market;
 (e) likelihood that the combination would result in the parties to the combination being able to significantly and sustainably increase prices or profit margins;
 (f) extent of effective competition likely to sustain in a market;
 (g) extent to which substitutes are available or arc likely to be available in the market;
 (h) market share, in the relevant market, of the persons or enterprise in a combination, individually and as a combination;
 (i) likelihood that the combination would result in the removal of a vigorous and effective competitor or competitors in the market;
 (j) nature and extent of vertical integration in the market;
 (k) possibility of a failing business;
 (l) nature and extent of innovation;
 (m) relative advantage, by way of the contribution to the economic development, by any combination having or likely to have appreciable adverse effect on competition;
 (n) whether the benefits of the combination outweigh the adverse impact of the combination, if any.


Section 21. Reference by statutory authority.—


(1) Where in the course of a proceeding before any statutory authority an issue is raised by any party that any decision which such statutory authority has taken or proposes to take, is or would be, contrary to any of the provisions of this Act, then such statutory authority may make a reference in respect of such issue to the Commission:


 Provided that any statutory authority, may, suo motu, make such a reference to the Commission.


(2) On receipt of a reference under sub-section (1), the Commission shall give its opinion, within sixty days of receipt of such reference, to such statutory authority which shall consider the opinion of the Commission and thereafter, give its findings recording reasons therefor on the issues referred to in the said opinion.



Section 21A. Reference by Commission.—


(1) Where in the course of a proceeding before the Commission an issue is raised by any party that any decision which, the Commission has taken during such proceeding or proposes to take, is or would be contrary to any provision of this Act whose implementation is entrusted to a statutory authority, then the Commission may make a reference in respect of such issue to the statutory authority:


 Provided that the Commission, may, suo motu, make such a reference to the statutory authority.


(2) On receipt of a reference under sub-section (1), the statutory authority shall give its opinion, within sixty days of receipt of such reference, to the Commission which shall consider the opinion of the statutory authority, and thereafter give its findings recording reasons therefor on the issues referred to in the said opinion.



Section 22. Meetings of Commission.—


(1) The Commission shall meet at such times and such places, and shall observe such rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings as may be provided by regulations.


(2) The Chairperson, if for any reason, is unable to attend a meeting of the Commission, the seniormost Member present at the meeting, shall preside at the meeting.


(3) All questions which come up before any meeting of the Commission shall be decided by a majority of the Members present and voting, and in the event of an equality of votes, the Chairperson or in his absence, the Member presiding, shall have a second or casting vote:


 Provided that the quorum for such meeting shall be three Members.



Section 23. Distribution of business of Commission amongst Benches.—

 [Omitted by the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 (39 of 2007), s. 18 (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007)].


Section 24. Procedure for deciding a case where Members of a Bench differ.—

 [Omitted by the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 (39 of 2007), s. 18 (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007)].


Section 25. Jurisdiction of Bench.—

 [Omitted by the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 (39 of 2007), s. 18 (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007)].


Section 26. Procedure for inquiry under section 19.—


(1) On receipt of a reference from the Central Government or a State Government or a statutory authority or on its own knowledge or information received under section 19, if the Commission is of the opinion that there exists a prima facie case, it shall direct the Director General to cause an investigation to be made into the matter:

Provided that if the subject matter of an information received is, in the opinion of the Commission, substantially the same as or has been covered by any previous information received, then the new information may be clubbed with the previous information.

(2) Where on receipt of a reference from the Central Government or a State Government or a statutory authority or information received under section 19, the Commission is of the opinion that there exists no prima facie case, it shall close the matter forthwith and pass such orders as it deems fit and send a copy of its order to the Central Government or the State Government or the statutory authority or the parties concerned, as the case may be.


(3) The Director General shall, on receipt of direction under sub-section (1), submit a report on his findings within such period as may be specified by the Commission.


(4) The Commission may forward a copy of the report referred to in sub-section (3) to the parties concerned:


 Provided that in case the investigation is caused to be made based on reference received from the Central Government or the State Government or the statutory authority, the Commission shall forward a copy of the report referred to in sub-section (3) to the Central Government or the State Government or the statutory authority, as the case may be.


(5) If the report of the Director General referred to in sub-section (3) recommends that there is no contravention of the provisions of this Act, the Commission shall invite objections or suggestions from the Central Government or the State Government or the statutory authority or the parties concerned, as the case may be, on such report of the Director General.


(6) If, after consideration of the objections or suggestions referred to in sub-section (5), if any, the Commission agrees with the recommendation of the Director General, it shall close the matter forthwith and pass such orders as it deems fit and communicate its order to the Central Government or the State Government or the statutory authority or the parties concerned, as the case may be.


(7) If, after consideration of the objections or suggestions referred to in sub-section (5), if any, the Commission is of the opinion that further investigation is called for, it may direct further investigation in the matter by the Director General or cause further inquiry to be made in the matter or itself proceed with further inquiry in the matter in accordance with the provisions of this Act.


(8) If the report of the Director General referred to in sub-section (3) recommends that there is contravention of any of the provisions of this Act, and the Commission is of the opinion that further inquiry is called for, it shall inquire into such contravention in accordance with the provisions of this Act.



Section 27. Orders by Commission after inquiry into agreements or abuse of dominant position.—


Where after inquiry the Commission finds that any agreement referred to in section 3 or action of an enterprise in a dominant position, is in contravention of section 3 or section 4, as the case may be, it may pass all or any of the following orders, namely:—


 (a) direct any enterprise or association of enterprises or person or association of persons, as the case may be, involved in such agreement, or abuse of dominant position, to discontinue and not to re-enter such agreement or discontinue such abuse of dominant position, as the case may be;


 (b) impose such penalty, as it may deem fit which shall be not more than ten per cent. of the average of the turnover for the last three preceding financial years, upon each of such person or enterprises which are parties to such agreements or abuse:


 Provided that in case any agreement referred to in section 3 has been entered into by a cartel, the Commission may impose upon each producer, seller, distributor, trader or service provider included in that cartel, a penalty of up to three times of its profit for each year of the continuance of such agreement or ten per cent. of its turnover for each year of the continuance of such agreement, whichever is higher.

 (d) direct that the agreements shall stand modified to the extent and in the manner as may be specified in the order by the Commission;

 (e) direct the enterprises concerned to abide by such other orders as the Commission may pass and comply with the directions, including payment of costs, if any;


 (g) pass such other order or issue such directions as it may deem fit:


 Provided that while passing orders under this section, if the Commission comes to a finding, that an enterprise in contravention to section 3 or section 4 of the Act is a member of a group as defined in clause (b) of the Explanation to section 5 of the Act, and other members of such a group are also responsible for, or have contributed to, such a contravention, then it may pass orders, under this section, against such members of the group.



Section 28. Division of enterprise enjoying dominant position.—


(1) The Commission may, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, by order in writing, direct division of an enterprise enjoying dominant position to ensure that such enterprise does not abuse its dominant position.


(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, the order referred to in sub-section (1) may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:—


 (a) the transfer or vesting of property, rights, liabilities or obligations;


 (b) the adjustment of contracts either by discharge or reduction of any liability or obligation or otherwise;


 (c) the creation, allotment, surrender or cancellation of any shares, stocks or securities;


 (e) the formation or winding up of an enterprise or the amendment of the memorandum of association or articles of association or any other instruments regulating the business of any enterprise;

 (f) the extent to which, and the circumstances in which, provisions of the order affecting an enterprise may be altered by the enterprise and the registration thereof;
 (g) any other matter which may be necessary to give effect to the division of the enterprise.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any contract or in any memorandum or articles of association, an officer of a company who ceases to hold office as such in consequence of the division of an enterprise shall not be entitled to claim any compensation for such cesser.



Section 29. Procedure for investigation of combinations.—


(1) Where the Commission is of the prima facie opinion that a combination is likely to cause, or has caused an appreciable adverse effect on competition within the relevant market in India, it shall issue a notice to show cause to the parties to combination calling upon them to respond within thirty days of the receipt of the notice, as to why investigation in respect of such combination should not be conducted.


(1A) After receipt of the response of the parties to the combination under sub-section (1), the Commission may call for a report from the Director General and such report shall be submitted by the Director General within such time as the Commission may direct.


(2) The Commission, if it is prima facie of the opinion that the combination has, or is likely to have, an appreciable adverse effect on competition, it shall, within seven working days from the date of receipt of the response of the parties to the combination, or the receipt of the report from Director General called under sub section (1A), whichever is later, direct the parties to the said combination to publish details of the combination within ten working days of such direction, in such manner, as it thinks appropriate, for bringing the combination to the knowledge or information of the public and persons affected or likely to be affected by such combination.


(3) The Commission may invite any person or member of the public, affected or likely to be affected by the said combination, to file his written objections, if any, before the Commission within fifteen working days from the date on which the details of the combination were published under sub-section (2).


(4) The Commission may, within fifteen working days from the expiry of the period specified in sub-section (3), call for such additional or other information as it may deem fit from the parties to the said combination.


(5) The additional or other information called for by the Commission shall be furnished by the parties referred to in sub-section (4) within fifteen days from the expiry of the period specified in sub-section (4).


(6) After receipt of all information and within a period of forty-five working days from the expiry of the period specified in sub-section (5), the Commission shall proceed to deal with the case in accordance with the provisions contained in section 31.


Section 30. Inquiry into disclosures under sub-section (2) of section 6.—


Where any person or enterprise has given a notice under sub-section (2) of section 6, the Commission shall inquire—

 (a) whether the disclosure made in the notice is correct;
 (b) whether the combination has, or is likely to have, an appreciable adverse effect on competition.


Section 31. Orders of Commission on certain combinations.—


(1) Where the Commission is of the opinion that any combination does not, or is not likely to, have an appreciable adverse effect on competition, it shall, by order, approve that combination including the combination in respect of which a notice has been given under sub-section (2) of section 6.


(2) Where the Commission is of the opinion that the combination has, or is likely to have, an appreciable adverse effect on competition, it shall direct that the combination shall not take effect.


(3) Where the Commission is of the opinion that the combination has, or is likely to have, an appreciable adverse effect on competition but such adverse effect can be eliminated by suitable modification to such combination, it may propose appropriate modification to the combination, to the parties to such combination.


(4) The parties, who accept the modification proposed by the Commission under sub-section (3), shall carry out such modification within the period specified by the Commission.


(5) If the parties to the combination, who have accepted the modification under sub-section (4), fail to carry out the modification within the period specified by the Commission, such combination shall be deemed to have an appreciable adverse effect on competition and the Commission shall deal with such combination in accordance with the provisions of this Act.


(6) If the parties to the combination do not accept the modification proposed by the Commission under sub-section (3), such parties may, within thirty working days of the modification proposed by the Commission, submit amendment to the modification proposed by the Commission under that sub-section.


(7) If the Commission agrees with the amendment submitted by the parties under sub-section (6), it shall, by order, approve the combination.

(8) If the Commission does not accept the amendment submitted under sub section (6), then, the parties shall be allowed a further period of thirty working days within which such parties shall accept the modification proposed by the Commission under sub-section (3).

(9) If the parties fail to accept the modification proposed by the Commission within thirty working days referred to in sub-section (6) or within a further period of thirty working days referred to in sub-section (8), the combination shall be deemed to have an appreciable adverse effect on competition and be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of this Act.


(10) Where the Commission has directed under sub-section (2) that the combination shall not take effect or the combination is deemed to have an appreciable adverse effect on competition under sub-section (9), then, without prejudice to any penalty which may be imposed or any prosecution which may be initiated under this Act, the Commission may order that—


 (a) the acquisition referred to in clause (a) of section 5; or

 (b) the acquiring of control referred to in clause (b) of section 5; or
 (c) the merger or amalgamation referred to in clause (c) of section 5,

shall not be given effect to:


 Provided that the Commission may, if it considers appropriate, frame a scheme to implement its order under this sub-section.


(11) If the Commission does not, on the expiry of a period of ninety working days from the date of publication referred to in sub-section (2) of section 29, pass an order or issue direction in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) or sub-section (7), the combination shall be deemed to have been approved by the Commission.


Explanation.—For the purposes of determining the period of ninety working days specified in this sub-section, the period of thirty working days specified in sub-section (6) and a further period of thirty working days specified in sub- section (8) shall be excluded.


(12) Where any extension of time is sought by the parties to the combination, the period of ninety working days shall be reckoned after deducting the extended time granted at the request of the parties.


(13) Where the Commission has ordered a combination to be void, the acquisition or acquiring of control or merger or amalgamation referred to in section 5, shall be dealt with by the authorities under any other law for the time being in force as if such acquisition or acquiring of control or merger or amalgamation had not taken place and the parties to the combination shall be dealt with accordingly.


(14) Nothing contained in this Chapter shall affect any proceeding initiated or which may be initiated under any other law for the time being in force.



Section 32. Acts taking place outside India but having an effect on competition in India.—


The Commission shall, notwithstanding that,—


 (a) an agreement referred to in section 3 has been entered into outside India; or

 (b) any party to such agreement is outside India; or
 (c) any enterprise abusing the dominant position is outside India; or
 (d) a combination has taken place outside India; or
 (e) any party to combination is outside India; or
 (f) any other matter or practice or action arising out of such agreement or dominant position or combination is outside India,

have power to inquire in accordance with the provisions contained in sections 19, 20, 26, 29 and 30 of the Act into such agreement or abuse of dominant position or combination if such agreement or dominant position or combination has, or is likely to have, an appreciable adverse effect on competition in the relevant market in India and pass such orders as it may deem fit in accordance with the provisions of this Act.


Section 33. Power to issue interim orders.—


Where during an inquiry, the Commission is satisfied that an act in contravention of sub-section (1) of section 3 or sub-section (1) of section 4 or section 6 has been committed and continues to be committed or that such act is about to be committed, the Commission may, by order, temporarily restrain any party from carrying on such act until the conclusion of such inquiry or until further orders, without giving notice to such party, where it deems it necessary.



Section 34. Power to award compensation.

 [Omitted by the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 (39 of 2007) s. 27 (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007).]


Section 35. Appearance before Commission.—


A person or an enterprise or the Director General may either appear in person or authorise one or more chartered accountants or company secretaries or cost accountants or legal practitioners or any of his or its officers to present his or its case before the Commission.


Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—


 (a) “chartered accountant” means a chartered accountant as defined in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 (38 of 1949) and who has obtained a certificate of practice under sub-section (1) of section 6 of that Act;


 (b) “company secretary” means a company secretary as defined in clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Company Secretaries Act, 1980 (56 of 1980) and who has obtained a certificate of practice under sub-section (1) of section 6 of that Act;


 (c) “cost accountant” means a cost accountant as defined in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Cost and Works Accountants Act, 1959 (23 of 1959) and who has obtained a certificate of practice under sub- section (1) of section 6 of that Act;


 (d) “legal practitioner” means an advocate, vakil or an attorney of any High Court, and includes a pleader in practice.



Section 36. Power of Commission to regulate its own procedure.—


(1) In the discharge of its functions, the Commission shall be guided by the principles of natural justice and, subject to the other provisions of this Act and of any rules made by the Central Government, the Commission shall have the powers to regulate its own procedure.


(2) The Commission shall have, for the purposes of discharging its functions under this Act, the same powers as are vested in a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:—


 (a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;

 (b) requiring the discovery and production of documents;
 (c) receiving evidence on affidavit;
 (d) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents;
 (e) requisitioning, subject to the provisions of sections 123 and 124 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872), any public record or document or copy of such record or document from any office.

(3) The Commission may call upon such experts, from the fields of economics, commerce, accountancy, international trade or from any other discipline as it deems necessary, to assist the Commission in the conduct of any inquiry by it.

(4) The Commission may direct any person—
 (a) to produce before the Director General or the Secretary or an officer authorised by it, such books or other documents in the custody or under the control of such person so directed as may be specified or described in the direction, being documents relating to any trade, the examination of which may be required for the purposes of this Act;
 (b) to furnish to the Director General or the Secretary or any other officer authorised by it, as respects the trade or such other information as may be in his possession in relation to the trade carried on by such person as may be required for the purposes of this Act.


Section 37. Review of orders of Commission.—

 [Omitted by the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 (39 of 2007), s. 30 (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007).]


Section 38. Rectification of orders.—


(1) With a view to rectifying any mistake apparent from the record, the Commission may amend any order passed by it under the provisions of this Act.


(2) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Commission may make—

 (a) an amendment under sub-section (1) of its own motion;
 (b) an amendment for rectifying any such mistake which has been brought to its notice by any party to the order.

Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that the Commission shall not, while rectifying any mistake apparent from record, amend substantive part of its order passed under the provisions of this Act.



Section 39. Execution of orders of Commission imposing monetary penalty.—


(1) If a person fails to pay any monetary penalty imposed on him under this Act, the Commission shall proceed to recover such penalty in such manner as may be specified by the regulations.


(2) In a case where the Commission is of the opinion that it would be expedient to recover the penalty imposed under this Act in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), it may make a reference to this effect to the concerned income-tax authority under that Act for recovery of the penalty as tax due under the said Act.


(3) Where a reference has been made by the Commission under sub-section (2) for recovery of penalty, the person upon whom the penalty has been imposed shall be deemed to be the assessee in default under the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) and the provisions contained in sections 221 to 227, 228A, 229, 231 and 232 of the said Act and the Second Schedule to that Act and any rules made there under shall, in so far as may be, apply as if the said provisions were the provisions of this Act and referred to sums by way of penalty imposed under this Act instead of to income- tax and sums imposed by way of penalty, fine and interest under the Income–tax Act, 1961 and to the Commission instead of the Assessing Officer.


Explanation 1.—Any reference to sub-section (2) or sub-section (6) of section 220 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), in the said provisions of that Act or the rules made thereunder shall be construed as references to sections 43 to 45 of this Act.


Explanation 2.—The Tax Recovery Commissioner and the Tax Recovery Officer referred to in the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) shall be deemed to be the Tax Recovery Commissioner and the Tax Recovery Officer for the purposes of recovery of sums imposed by way of penalty under this Act and reference made by the Commission under sub-section (2) would amount to drawing of a certificate by the Tax Recovery Officer as far as demand relating to penalty under this Act.


Explanation 3.—Any reference to appeal in Chapter XVIID and the Second Schedule to the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), shall be construed as a reference to appeal before the Competition Appellate Tribunal under section 53B of this Act.



Section 40. Appeal.—

 [Omitted by the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 (39 of 2007), s. 32 (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007)]







Extra Notes for Readers

(1) In section 19, in sub-section (1), in clause (a), for the words "receipt of a complaint,", the words ''receipt of any information, in such manner and" were substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 13, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009).

(2) In section 20, in sub-section (2), the words, brackets, and figures "or upon receipt of a reference under sub-section (1) of section 21" were omitted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 14. [Not notified yet]

(3) Section 21 was modified by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 15, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009), as follows:

 o proviso to sub-section (1) was newly inserted;
 o sub-section (2) was substituted.

(4) Section 21A was newly inserted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 16, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009).

(5) Section 22 was substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 17, (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007).

(6) Section 26 was substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 19, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009).

(7) Section 27 was modified by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 20, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009), as follows:

 o in clause (b), the proviso was substituted;
 o clauses (c) and (f) were omitted;
 o in clause (g), for the word "order'', the words "order or issue such directions" were substituted;
 o after clause (g), the proviso was newly inserted.

(8) Section 28 was modified by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 21, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009), as follows:

 o in sub-section (1), the word "Commission" was substituted for "Central Government, on recommendation under clause (f) of section 27";
 o clause (d) of sub-section (2) was omitted.

(9) Section 29 was modified by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 22, [Not notified yet], as follows:

 o in sub-section (1), after the words "Where the Commission is of the", the words "prima facie" were inserted;
 o sub-section (1A) was newly inserted;
 o in sub-section (2), after the words "parties to the combination", the words "or the receipt of the report from Director General called under sub-section (1A), whichever is later" were inserted.

(10) Section 30 was substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 23, [Not notified yet]. New section 30 will read as under:

  “30. Procedure in case of notice under sub-section (2) of section 6.—Where any person or enterprise has given a notice under sub-section (2) of section 6, the Commission shall examine such notice and form its prima facie opinion as provided in sub-section (1) of section 29 and proceed as per provisions contained in that section.”.

(11) Section 31 was modified by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 24, [Not notified yet], as follows:

 o in sub-section (11), for the words "ninety working days from the date of publication referred to in sub-section (2) of section 29", the words "two hundred and ten days from the date of notice given to the Commission under sub-section (2) of section 6" were substituted;
 o in sub-section (11), in the Explanation, for the words "ninety working"' the words "two hundred and ten" were substituted.

(12) Section 32 was modified by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 25, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009), as follows:

o after clause (f), after the words "have power to inquire", the words and figures "in accordance with the provisions contained in sections 19, 20, 26, 29 and 30 of the Act" were inserted;
o after clause (f), after the words "relevant market in India'', occurring at the end, the words "and pass such orders as it may deem fit in accordance with the provisions of this Act" shall be inserted.

(13) Section 33 was substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 26, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009).


(14) In section 35, for the words "complainant or defendant'', the words "person or an enterprise" were substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 28, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009).


(15) Section 36 was substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 29, (w.e.f. 12-Oct-2007).


(16) Section 39 was substituted by the Competition (Amendment) Act 2007 (Act 39 of 2007), s. 31, (w.e.f. 20-May-2009).







This page was last updated on 26th May, 2017.

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