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Sec 15, SARFAESI Act 2002: Manner & Effect Of Take Over Of Management

Section 15 (Manner and effect of take over of management) under Chapter III (Enforcement of security interest) of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 —

When the management of business of a borrower is taken over by a asset reconstruction company]under clause (a) of section 9 or, as the case may be, by a secured creditor under clause (b) of sub-section (4) of section 13, the secured creditor may, by publishing a notice in a newspaper published in English language and in a newspaper published in an Indian language in circulation in the place where the principal office of the borrower is situated, appoint as many persons as it thinks fit—

  (a) in a case in which the borrower is a company as defined in the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), to be the directors of that borrower in accordance with the provisions of that Act; or

  (b) in any other case, to be the administrator of the business of the borrower.

(2) On publication of a notice under sub-section (1),—

  (a) in any case where the borrower is a company as defined in the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), all persons holding office as directors of the company and in any other case, all persons holding any office having power of superintendence, direction and control of the business of the borrower immediately before the publication of the notice under sub-section (1), shall be deemed to have vacated their offices as such;

  (b) any contract of management between the borrower and any director or manager thereof holding office as such immediately before publication of the notice under sub-section (1), shall be deemed to be terminated;

  (c) the directors or the administrators appointed under this section shall take such steps as may be necessary to take into their custody or under their control all the property, effects and actionable claims to which the business of the borrower is, or appears to be, entitled and all the property and effects of the business of the borrower shall be deemed to be in the custody of the directors or administrators, as the case may be, as from the date of the publication of the notice;

  (d) the directors appointed under this section shall, for all purposes, be the directors of the company of the borrower and such directors or as the case may be, the administrators appointed under this section, shall alone be entitled to exercise all the powers of the directors or as the case may be, of the persons exercising powers of superintendence, direction and control, of the business of the borrower whether such powers are derived from the memorandum or articles of association of the company of the borrower or from any other source whatsoever.

(3) Where the management of the business of a borrower, being a company as defined in the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), is taken over by the secured creditor, then, notwithstanding anything contained in the said Act or in the memorandum or articles of association of such borrower,—

  (a) it shall not be lawful for the shareholders of such company or any other person to nominate or appoint any person to be a director of the company;

  (b) no resolution passed at any meeting of the shareholders of such company shall be given effect to unless approved by the secured creditor;

  (c) no proceeding for the winding up of such company or for the appointment of a receiver in respect thereof shall lie in any court, except with the consent of the secured creditor.

(4) Where the management of the business of a borrower had been taken over by the secured creditor, the secured creditor shall, on realisation of his debt in full, restore the management of the business of the borrower to him.

  Provided that if any secured creditor jointly with other secured creditors or any asset reconstruction company or financial institution or any other assignee has converted part of its debt into shares of a borrower company and thereby acquired controlling interest in the borrower company, such secured creditors shall not be liable to restore the management of the business to such borrower.





Extra Notes for Readers

(1) Section 15 of SARFAESI Act, 2002 was modified by the Enforcement of Security Interest and Recovery of Debts Laws (Amendment) Act, 2004 (Act 30 of 2004), sec. 9, (w.e.f. 11-Nov-2004).

(2) Section 15 of SARFAESI Act, 2002 was modified by the Enforcement of Security Interest and Recovery of Debts Laws and Miscellaneous Provisions (Amendment) Act, 2016 (Act 44 of 2016), sec. 3 & 13, (w.e.f. 1-Sep-2016).

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