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Section 24, Arbitration & Conciliation Act 1996: Hearings & Written Proceedings

Section 24 (Hearings and written proceedings) is under Chapter V (Conduct of arbitral proceedings) of the Part I (Arbitration) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

The contents of the section  is reproduced hereunder:—

“(1) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal shall decide whether to hold oral hearings for the presentation of evidence or for oral argument, or whether the proceedings shall be conducted on the basis of documents and other materials:

Provided that the arbitral tribunal shall hold oral hearings, at an appropriate stage of the proceedings, on a request by a party, unless the parties have agreed that no oral hearing shall be held:

Provided further that the arbitral tribunal shall, as far as possible, hold oral hearings for the presentation of evidence or for oral argument on day-to-day basis, and not grant any adjournments unless sufficient cause is made out, and may impose costs including exemplary costs on the party seeking adjournment without any sufficient cause.

(2) The parties shall be given sufficient advance notice of any hearing and of any meeting of the arbitral tribunal for the purposes of inspection of documents, goods or other property.

(3) All statements, documents or other information supplied to, or applications made to the arbitral tribunal by one party shall be communicated to the other party, and any expert report or evidentiary document on which the arbitral tribunal may rely in making its decision shall be communicated to the parties.”





Extra Notes for Readers

(1) Section 24 was amended by the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Act, 2015 (w.e.f. 23 Oct 2015), as follows:

i.  2nd proviso to sub-section (1) was newly inserted.




This page was last updated on 31st December, 2017.

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