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Section 230, Contract Act 1872: Agent Cannot Personally Enforce...Contracts On Behalf Of Principal

Section 230 under the Chapter X (Agency - Appointment and authority of agents) of the Contract Act, 1872 of India - 'Agent cannot personally enforce, nor be bound by, contracts on behalf of principal', is reproduced hereunder:—

“In the absence of any contract to that effect, an agent cannot personally enforce contracts entered into by him on behalf of his principal, nor is he personally bound by them.

Presumption of contract to the contrary : Such a contract shall be presumed to exit in the following cases—

(1) Where the contract is made by an agent for the sale or purchase of goods for a merchant resident abroad;
(2) Where agent does not disclose the name of his principal; and
(3) Where the principal, though disclosed, cannot be sued.”

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