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Section 10, Contract Act 1872: What Agreements Are Contracts

Section 10 under Chapter II (of contracts, voidable contracts and void agreements) of the Contract Act, 1872 of India - 'What agreements are contracts', is reproduced hereunder:—

“All agreements are contracts if they are made by the free consent of parties competent to contract, for a lawful consideration and with a lawful object, and are not hereby expressly declared to be void.
Nothing herein contained shall effect any law in force in India, and not hereby expressly repealed, by which any contract is required to be made in writing or in the presence of witnesses, or any law relating to the registration of documents.”

Extra Notes for Readers

(1) The word "India" in 2nd para of the section 10 was substituted for "Part A States and Part C States" by Act 3 of 1951.

(2) With reference to 2nd para: See e.g., s. 25, infra; the Indian Copyright Act, 1914 (3 of 1914), s. 5 of the First Schedule; the Apprentices Act, 1850 (19 of 1850), s. 8 ; the Conveyance of Land Act, 1854 (31 of 1854), ss. 14 and 18 ; the Carriers Act, 1865 (3 of 1865), ss. 6 and 7 ; the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894 (57 and 58 Vict., c. 60), s. 24 (poll. Stat., Vol. II).

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