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Section 77 of the Companies Act 2013: Duty to Register Charges, etc

SECTION-77 (Duty to Register Charges, etc) under CHAPTER-VI (Registration of Charges) of the Companies Act, 2013


(1) It shall be the duty of every company creating a charge within or outside India, on its property or assets or any of its undertakings, whether tangible or otherwise, and situated in or outside India, to register the particulars of the charge signed by the company and the charge-holder together with the instruments, if any, creating such charge in such form, on payment of such fees and in such manner as may be prescribed, with the Registrar within thirty days of its creation:

Provided that the Registrar may, on an application by the company, allow such registration to be made within a period of three hundred days of such creation on payment of such additional fees as may be prescribed:

Provided further that if registration is not made within a period of three hundred days of such creation, the company shall seek extension of time in accordance with section 87:

Provided also that any subsequent registration of a charge shall not prejudice any right acquired in respect of any property before the charge is actually registered.
(2) Where a charge is registered with the Registrar under sub-section (1), he shall issue a certificate of registration of such charge in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed to the company and, as the case may be, to the person in whose favour the charge is created.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no charge created by a company shall be taken into account by the liquidator appointed under this Act or the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, as the case may be, or any other creditor unless it is duly registered under sub-section (1) and a certificate of registration of such charge is given by the Registrar under sub-section (2).

(4) Nothing in sub-section (3) shall prejudice any contract or obligation for the repayment of the money secured by a charge.





Extra Notes for Readers

(1) The Companies Act, 2013 received the assent of the President on the 29th August, 2013 (Published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II - Section 1 by Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department on 30th August, 2013) - link


(2) Section 77 of the Companies Act 2013 was notified by MCA Notification S.O. 902(E) dated 26th March 2014 (w.e.f. 1st April 2014) - link

(3) Sub-section (3) of Section 77 of the Companies Act 2013 was modified as per the section 255 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 - link:
In sections 77, in sub-section (3), after the words "the liquidator", the words and figures "appointed under this Act or the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, as the case may be," shall be inserted.
MCA has notified section 255 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 vide notification no. S.O. 3453(E) dated 15th November 2016 (w.e.f. 15th November 2016) - link

(4) Further, refer the following rule(s) of the Companies (Registration of Charges) Rules, 2014 - link
  • Rule 3 - Registration of creation or modification of charge [Form No.CHG-1] [Form No.CHG-9]
  • Rule 4 - Condonation of delay by Registrar [Form No.CHG-10]
  • Rule 6 - Certificate of registration [Form No.CHG-2] [Form No.CHG-3]
E-forms are available at MCA site - link
[Note: please also check further amendments to the Companies (Registration of Charges) Rules, 2014]




This page was last updated on 1st March, 2017.

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