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Section 56 of the Companies Act 2013: Transfer and Transmission of Securities

SECTION-56 (Transfer and transmission of securities) under CHAPTER-IV (Share Capital and Debentures) of the Companies Act, 2013

(1) A company shall not register a transfer of securities of the company, or the interest of a member in the company in the case of a company having no share capital, other than the transfer between persons both of whose names are entered as holders of beneficial interest in the records of a depository, unless a proper instrument of transfer, in such form as may be prescribed, duly stamped, dated and executed by or on behalf of the transferor and the transferee and specifying the name, address and occupation, if any, of the transferee has been delivered to the company by the transferor or the transferee within a period of sixty days from the date of execution, along with the certificate relating to the securities, or if no such certificate is in existence, along with the letter of allotment of securities:

Provided that where the instrument of transfer has been lost or the instrument of transfer has not been delivered within the prescribed period, the company may register the transfer on such terms as to indemnity as the Board may think fit.


 (2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall prejudice the power of the company to register, on receipt of an intimation of transmission of any right to securities by operation of law from any person to whom such right has been transmitted.


(3) Where an application is made by the transferor alone and relates to partly paid shares, the transfer shall not be registered, unless the company gives the notice of the application, in such manner as may be prescribed, to the transferee and the transferee gives no objection to the transfer within two weeks from the receipt of notice.


(4) Every company shall, unless prohibited by any provision of law or any order of Court, Tribunal or other authority, deliver the certificates of all securities allotted, transferred or transmitted—


(a) within a period of two months from the date of incorporation, in the case of subscribers to the memorandum;


(b) within a period of two months from the date of allotment, in the case of any allotment of any of its shares;


(c) within a period of one month from the date of receipt by the company of the instrument of transfer under sub-section (1) or, as the case may be, of the intimation of transmission under sub-section (2), in the case of a transfer or transmission of securities;


(d) within a period of six months from the date of allotment in the case of any allotment of debenture:


Provided that where the securities are dealt with in a depository, the company shall intimate the details of allotment of securities to depository immediately on allotment of such securities.


(5) The transfer of any security or other interest of a deceased person in a company made by his legal representative shall, even if the legal representative is not a holder thereof, be valid as if he had been the holder at the time of the execution of the instrument of transfer.


(6) Where any default is made in complying with the provisions of sub-sections (1) to (5), the company shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than twenty-five thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees and every officer of the company who is in default shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees.



(7) Without prejudice to any liability under the Depositories Act, 1996 (22 of 1996), where any depository or depository participant, with an intention to defraud a person, has transferred shares, it shall be liable under section 447.




Extra Notes for Readers

(1) The Companies Act, 2013 received the assent of the President on the 29th August, 2013 (Published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II - Section 1 by Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department on 30th August, 2013) - link


(2) Section 56 of the Companies Act 2013 was notified by MCA Notification S.O. 902(E) dated 26th March 2014 (w.e.f. 1st April 2014) - link

(3) Further, refer the following rule(s) of the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 - link

  • Rule 11 - Instrument of transfer
[MCA Clarifications on Share Transfer Forms executed before 1st April, 2014 (General Circular No. 19/2014 dated 12th June, 2014)  - link ]

(4) Exemption to Govt. Companies - MCA Notification G.S.R. 463(E) dated 5th June 2015 - link

Sl. No.
Chapter Number/Section number/Sub-section(s) in the Companies Act, 2013
Exceptions, Modifications and Adaptations
2.
Chapter IV, Section 56
In sub-section (1), after the proviso, the following  provisos shall be inserted, namely:-

Provided further that the provisions of this sub-section, in so far as it requires a proper instrument of transfer, to be duly stamped and executed by or on behalf of the transferor and by or on behalf of the transferee, shall not apply with respect to bonds issued by a Government company, provided that an intimation by the transferee specifying his name, address and occupation, if any, has been delivered to the company along with the certificate relating to the bond; and if no such certificate is in existence, along with the letter of allotment of the bond:

Provided also that the provisions of this sub-section shall not apply to a Government company in respect of securities held by nominees of the Government.

(5) Exemption to Specified IFSC Public Company - MCA Notification G.S.R. 08(E) dated 4th January, 2017 - link


Serial
Number
Provisions of the Companies    Act,    2013 (18 of 2013)
Exceptions/Modifications/Adaptations
16.
Sub-section (4) of
section 56
In sub-section (4), after the  proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

"Provided  further that a Specified IFSC public company shall deliver the certificates of all securities to subscribers after incorporation, allotment, transfer or transmission within a period of sixty days.".

(6) Exemption to Specified IFSC Private Company - MCA Notification G.S.R. 09(E) dated 4th January, 2017 - link



Serial
Number
Provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013)
Exceptions/Modifications/Adaptations
13.
Sub-section (4) of section 56
In sub-section (4), after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

"Provided further that a Specified IFSC private company shall deliver the certificates of all securities to subscribers after incorporation, allotment, transfer or transmission within a period of sixty days.".





This page was last updated on 08th January, 2017.

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