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Section 5 of the Companies Act 2013: Articles of Association (AoA)
SECTION-5 (Articles) under CHAPTER-II (Incorporation of Company and Matters Incidental thereto) of Companies Act 2013:-
(1) The articles of a company shall contain the regulations for management of the company.
(2) The articles shall also contain such matters, as may be prescribed:
Provided that nothing prescribed in this sub-section shall be deemed to prevent a company from including such additional matters in its articles as may be considered necessary for its management.
(3) The articles may contain provisions for entrenchment to the effect that specified provisions of the articles may be altered only if conditions or procedures as that are more restrictive than those applicable in the case of a special resolution, are met or complied with.
(4) The provisions for entrenchment referred to in sub-section (3) shall only be made either on formation of a company, or by an amendment in the articles agreed to by all the members of the company in the case of a private company and by a special resolution in the case of a public company.
(5) Where the articles contain provisions for entrenchment, whether made on formation or by amendment, the company shall give notice to the Registrar of such provisions in such form and manner as may be prescribed.
(6) The articles of a company shall be in respective forms specified in Tables F, G, H, I and J in Schedule I as may be applicable to such company.
(7) A company may adopt all or any of the regulations contained in the model articles applicable to such company.
(8) In case of any company, which is registered after the commencement of this Act, in so far as the registered articles of such company do not exclude or modify the regulations contained in the model articles applicable to such company, those regulations shall, so far as applicable, be the regulations of that company in the same manner and to the extent as if they were contained in the duly registered articles of the company.
(9) Nothing in this section shall apply to the articles of a company registered under any previous company law unless amended under this Act.
Extra Notes for Readers
(1) The Companies Act, 2013 received the assent of the President on the 29th August, 2013 (Published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II - Section 1 by Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department on 30th August, 2013) - link
(2) Section 5 of the Companies Act 2013 was notified by MCA Notification S.O. 902(E). dated 26th March 2014 (w.e.f. 1st April 2014) - link
(3) In relation to sub-section (2) of section 5 i.e. The articles shall also contain such matters, as may be prescribed - please refer Schedule I of the Companies Act 2013. [which is also mentioned in sub-section (6)]
"Where the articles contain the provisions for entrenchment, the company shall give notice to the Registrar of such provisions in Form No.INC.2 or Form No.INC.7, as the case may be, along with the fee as provided in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014 at the time of incorporation of the company or in case of existing companies, the same shall be filed in Form No.MGT.14 within thirty days from the date of entrenchment of the articles, as the case may be, along with the fee as provided in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014."