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Section 424 Of Companies Act 2013: Procedure Before NCLT & NCLAT

Corporate Law (Country: India)

SECTION-424 (Procedure before Tribunal and Appellate Tribunal) under CHAPTER-XXVII (National Company Law Tribunal and Appellate Tribunal) of the Companies Act, 2013


(1) The Tribunal and the Appellate Tribunal shall not, while disposing of any proceeding before it or, as the case may be, an appeal before it, be bound by the procedure laid down in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by the principles of natural justice, and, subject to the other provisions of this Act or of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and of any rules made thereunder, the Tribunal and the Appellate Tribunal shall have power to regulate their own procedure.

(2) The Tribunal and the Appellate Tribunal shall have, for the purposes of discharging their functions under this Act or under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 while trying a suit in respect of the following matters, namely:—
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
(b) requiring the discovery and production of documents;
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits;
(d) subject to the provisions of sections 123 and 124 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, requisitioning any public record or document or a copy of such record or document from any office;
(e) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents;
(f) dismissing a representation for default or deciding it ex parte;
(g) setting aside any order of dismissal of any representation for default or any order passed by it ex parte; and
(h) any other matter which may be prescribed.
(3) Any order made by the Tribunal or the Appellate Tribunal may be enforced by that Tribunal in the same manner as if it were a decree made by a court in a suit pending therein, and it shall be lawful for the Tribunal or the Appellate Tribunal to send for execution of its orders to the court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction,—
(a) in the case of an order against a company, the registered office of the company is situate; or
(b) in the case of an order against any other person, the person concerned voluntarily resides or carries on business or personally works for gain.
(4) All proceedings before the Tribunal or the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be judicial proceedings within the meaning of sections 193 and 228, and for the purposes of section 196 of the Indian Penal Code, and the Tribunal and the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be civil court for the purposes of section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.









Extra Notes for Readers

(1) The Companies Act, 2013 received the assent of the President on the 29th August, 2013 (Published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II - Section 1 by Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department on 30th August, 2013) - link

(2) Section 424 of the Companies Act, 2013 was notified by MCA Notification S.O. 1934(E) dated 1st June 2016 (w.e.f. 1st June 2016) - link


(3) Also refer:
  • National Company Law Tribunal Rules, 2016 (notified on 21st July 2016) link
  • National Company Law Appellate Tribunal Rules, 2016 (notified on 21st July 2016) link
Note: Please check MCA site for any further amendments to the Rules.

(4) Website links:

(5) Section 424 of the Companies Act 2013 was modified in accordance with the section 255 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 - link

MCA has notified section 255 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 vide notification no. S.O. 3453(E) dated 15th November 2016 (w.e.f. 15th November 2016) - link







This page was last updated on 3rd June, 2017.

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