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Section 4 of the Companies Act 2013: Memorandum of Association (MoA)

SECTION-4 (Memorandum) under CHAPTER-II (Incorporation of Company and Matters Incidental thereto) of Companies Act 2013:-

(1) The memorandum of a company shall state—
(a) the name of the company with the last word "Limited" in the case of a public limited company, or the last words "Private Limited" in the case of a private limited company:
 Provided that nothing in this clause shall apply to a company registered under section 8;
(b) the State in which the registered office of the company is to be situated;
(c) the objects for which the company is proposed to be incorporated and any matter considered necessary in furtherance thereof;
(d) the liability of members of the company, whether limited or unlimited, and also state,—
(i) in the case of a company limited by shares, that liability of its members is limited to the amount unpaid, if any, on the shares held by them; and
(ii) in the case of a company limited by guarantee, the amount up to which each member undertakes to contribute—
(A) to the assets of the company in the event of its being wound-up while he is a member or within one year after he ceases to be a member, for payment of the debts and liabilities of the company or of such debts and liabilities as may have been contracted before he ceases to be a member, as the case may be; and
(B) to the costs, charges and expenses of winding-up and for adjustment of the rights of the contributories among themselves;
(e) in the case of a company having a share capital,—
(i) the amount of share capital with which the company is to be registered and the division thereof into shares of a fixed amount and the number of shares which the subscribers to the memorandum agree to subscribe which shall not be less than one share; and
(ii) the number of shares each subscriber to the memorandum intends to take, indicated opposite his name;
(f) in the case of One Person Company, the name of the person who in the event of death of the subscriber shall become the member of the company.

(2) The name stated in the memorandum shall not—
(a) be identical with or resemble too nearly to the name of an existing company registered under this Act or any previous company law; or
(b) be such that its use by the company—
(i) will constitute an offence under any law for the time being in force; or
(ii) is undesirable in the opinion of the Central Government.
(3) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (2), a company shall not be registered with a name which contains—
(a) any word or expression which is likely to give the impression that the company is in any way connected with, or having the patronage of, the Central Government, any State Government, or any local authority, corporation or body constituted by the Central Government or any State Government under any law for the time being in force; or
(b) such word or expression, as may be prescribed,
unless the previous approval of the Central Government has been obtained for the use of any such word or expression.

(4) A person may make an application, in such form and manner and accompanied by such fee, as may be prescribed, to the Registrar for the reservation of a name set out in the application as—
(a) the name of the proposed company; or
(b) the name to which the company proposes to change its name.
(5)(i) Upon receipt of an application under sub-section (4), the Registrar may, on the basis of information and documents furnished along with the application, reserve the name for a period of sixty days from the date of the application.

(ii) Where after reservation of name under clause (i), it is found that name was applied by furnishing wrong or incorrect information, then,—
(a) if the company has not been incorporated, the reserved name shall be cancelled and the person making application under sub-section (4) shall be liable to a penalty which may extend to one lakh rupees;
(b) if the company has been incorporated, the Registrar may, after giving the company an opportunity of being heard—
(i) either direct the company to change its name within a period of three months, after passing an ordinary resolution;
(ii) take action for striking off the name of the company from the register of companies; or
(iii) make a petition for winding up of the company.
(6) The memorandum of a company shall be in respective forms specified in Tables A, B, C, D and E in Schedule I as may be applicable to such company.

(7) Any provision in the memorandum or articles, in the case of a company limited by guarantee and not having a share capital, purporting to give any person a right to participate in the divisible profits of the company otherwise than as a member, shall be void.

Extra Notes for Readers

(1) The Companies Act, 2013 received the assent of the President on the 29th August, 2013 (Published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II - Section 1 by Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department on 30th August, 2013) - link

(2) Section 4 of the Companies Act 2013 was notified by MCA Notification S.O. 902(E). dated 26th March 2014 (w.e.f. 1st April 2014) - link

(3) Exemption to "Government Companies" -
 - In clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 4, the words “in the case of a public limited company, or the last words "Private Limited" in the case of a private limited company” shall be omitted.
(Refer MCA Notification No. G.S.R. 463(E) dated 5th June, 2015 - link )

(4) In relation to sub-section (2) of section 4 - the Central Government has delegated the powers and functions to the Registrar of Companies.
(Refer MCA Notification S.O. 1353 (E) dated 21st May, 2014 - link )

(5) Name reservation - refer guidelines prescribed by MCA under Rule 8 (Undesirable names) of the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014 - link (this rule has been amended from time to time)

Rule 9 - Reservation of Name : An application for the reservation of a name shall be made in Form No. INC.1 along with the fee as provided in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014 which may be approved or rejected, as the case may be, by the Registrar, Central Registration Centre.

This page was last updated on 20th November 2016.
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