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Section 178 of the Companies Act 2013: Nomination and Remuneration Committee and Stakeholders Relationship Committee

SECTION-178 (Nomination and Remuneration Committee and Stakeholders Relationship Committee) under CHAPTER-XII (Meeting of Board and its Powers) of the Companies Act, 2013

(1) The Board of Directors of every listed company and such other class or classes of companies, as may be prescribed shall constitute the Nomination and Remuneration Committee consisting of three or more non-executive directors out of which not less than one-half shall be independent directors:

Provided that the chairperson of the company (whether executive or non-executive) may be appointed as a member of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee but shall not chair such Committee.


(2) The Nomination and Remuneration Committee shall identify persons who are qualified to become directors and who may be appointed in senior management in accordance with the criteria laid down, recommend to the Board their appointment and removal and shall carry out evaluation of every director’s performance.

(3) The Nomination and Remuneration Committee shall formulate the criteria for determining qualifications, positive attributes and independence of a director and recommend to the Board a policy, relating to the remuneration for the directors, key managerial personnel and other employees.

(4) The Nomination and Remuneration Committee shall, while formulating the policy under sub-section (3) ensure that—
(a) the level and composition of remuneration is reasonable and sufficient to attract, retain and motivate directors of the quality required to run the company successfully;
(b) relationship of remuneration to performance is clear and meets appropriate performance benchmarks; and
(c) remuneration to directors, key managerial personnel and senior management involves a balance between fixed and incentive pay reflecting short and long-term performance objectives appropriate to the working of the company and its goals:
Provided that such policy shall be disclosed in the Board's report.

(5) The Board of Directors of a company which consists of more than one thousand shareholders, debenture-holders, deposit-holders and any other security holders at any time during a financial year shall constitute a Stakeholders Relationship Committee consisting of a chairperson who shall be a non-executive director and such other members as may be decided by the Board.

(6) The Stakeholders Relationship Committee shall consider and resolve the grievances of security holders of the company.

(7) The chairperson of each of the committees constituted under this section or, in his absence, any other member of the committee authorised by him in this behalf shall attend the general meetings of the company.

(8) In case of any contravention of the provisions of section 177 and this section, the company shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees and every officer of the company who is in default shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which shall not be less than twenty-five thousand rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both:

Provided that non-consideration of resolution of any grievance by the Stakeholders Relationship Committee in good faith shall not constitute a contravention of this section.

Explanation.—The expression ‘‘senior management’’ means personnel of the company who are members of its core management team excluding Board of Directors comprising all members of management one level below the executive directors, including the functional heads.








Extra Notes for Readers

(1) The Companies Act, 2013 received the assent of the President on the 29th August, 2013 (Published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II - Section 1 by Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department on 30th August, 2013) - link


(2) Section 178 of the Companies Act 2013 was notified by MCA Notification S.O. 902(E) dated 26th March 2014 (w.e.f. 1st April, 2014) - link

(3) Relevant rule(s) of the Companies (Meeting of Board and its PowersRules, 2014 (w.e.f. 1st April, 2014) - link
  • Rule 6 - Committees of the Board
[Also check amendments, if any, to the Companies (Meeting of Board and its Powers) Rules, 2014]

(4) Specified IFSC Public Company - MCA Notification G.S.R. 08(E) dated 4th January, 2017 - link

Serial
Number
Provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013)
Exceptions/Modifications/Adaptations
49.
Section 178
Shall not apply.

(5) Section 8 Companies - MCA Notification G.S.R. 466(E) dated 5th June, 2015 - link

Serial
Number
Provisions of the Act
Exceptions, Modifications and Adaptations
17.
Section 178.
Shall not apply.

(6) Govt. Companies - MCA Notification G.S.R. 463(E) dated 5th June 2015 - link


Sl. No.
Chapter Number/Section number/Sub-section(s) in the Companies Act, 2013
Exceptions, Modifications and Adaptations
23.
Chapter XII, sub-sections (2), (3) and (4) of section 178.
Shall not apply to Government company except with regard to appointment of ‘senior management’ and other employees.







This page was last updated on 31st March, 2017.

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