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Rule 114G of Income Tax Rules 1962: Information to be maintained and reported

Rule 114G : Information to be maintained and reported
(Part XV : Miscellaneous)

(1) The following information shall be maintained and reported by a reporting financial institution in respect of each reportable account, namely:—

(a) the name, address, taxpayer identification number (assigned to the account holder by the country or territory of his residence for tax purposes) and date and place of birth (in the case of an individual) of each reportable person, that is an account holder of the account;
(b) in the case of any entity which is an account holder and which, after application of due diligence procedures prescribed in rule 114H, is identified as having one or more controlling persons that is a reportable person,-
(i) the name and address of the entity, taxpayer identification number assigned to the entity by the country or territory of its residence; and
(ii) the name, address, date and place of birth of each such controlling person and taxpayer identification number assigned to such controlling person by the country or territory of his residence;
(c) the account number (or functional equivalent in the absence of an account number);
(d) the account balance or value (including, in the case of a cash value insurance contract or annuity contract, the cash value or surrender value) at the end of relevant calendar year or, if the account was closed during such year, immediately before closure;
(e) in the case of any custodial account,-
(i) the total gross amount of interest, the total gross amount of dividends, and the total gross amount of other income generated with respect to the assets held in the account, in each case paid or credited to the account (or with respect to the account) during the calendar year; and
(ii) the total gross proceeds from the sale or redemption of financial assets paid or credited to the account during the calendar year with respect to which the reporting financial institution acted as a custodian, broker, nominee, or otherwise as an agent for the account holder;
(f) in the case of any depository account, the total gross amount of interest paid or credited to the account during the relevant calendar year;
(g) in the case of any account other than that referred to in clause (e) or (f), the total gross amount paid or credited to the account holder with respect to the account during the relevant calendar year with respect to which the reporting financial institution is the obligor or debtor, including the aggregate amount of any redemption payments made to the account holder during the relevant calendar year; and
(h) in the case of any account held by a non-participating financial institution, for calendar year 2015 and 2016, the name of each non-participating financial institution to which payments have been made and the aggregate amount of such payments:
Provided that the information to be reported,-
(i) with respect to calendar year 2014, is the information referred to in clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d), with regard to U.S. reportable accounts;
(ii) with respect to calendar year 2015, is the information referred to in clauses (a), (b), (c), (d), (f), (g), (h) and sub-clause (i) of clause (e), with regard to U.S. reportable accounts;
(iii) with respect to calendar year 2016, is the information referred to in clauses (a) to (h), with regard to all reportable accounts;
(iv) with respect to calendar year 2017 and subsequent years, is the information referred to in clauses (a) to (g), with regard to all reportable accounts:
Provided further that with respect to each U.S. reportable account which is maintained by a reporting financial institution as on the 30th June, 2014, the taxpayer identification number of any relevant person is not required to be reported if such taxpayer identification number is not in the records of the reporting financial institution.
(2) For the purpose of sub-rule (1),-
(a) "account holder" means the person listed or identified as the holder of a financial account by the financial institution that maintains the account:
  Provided that a person, other than a financial institution, holding a financial account for the benefit or on account of another person as agent, custodian, nominee, signatory, investment advisor, or intermediary, is not treated as holding the account, and such other person is treated as holding the account:
  Provided further that in the case of a cash value insurance contract or an annuity contract, the account holder is any person entitled to receive a payment upon the maturity of the contract or any person entitled to access the cash value or change the beneficiary of the contract and if no person can access the cash value or change the beneficiary, the account holder is any person named as the owner in the contract and any person with a vested entitlement to payment under the terms of the contract;
(b) "taxpayer identification number" means a number assigned to a person in the country or territory in which he is resident for tax purposes and includes a functional equivalent in case no such number is assigned.
(3) Where the person is a resident of more than one country or territory outside India under the tax laws of such country or territory, the reporting financial institution shall maintain the taxpayer identification number in respect of each such country or territory.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (1), with respect to each reportable account which is a pre-existing account, the taxpayer identification number or date of birth is not required to be reported if such taxpayer identification number or date of birth is not in the records of the reporting financial institution:
Provided that the reporting financial institution shall obtain the taxpayer identification number and date of birth with respect to pre-existing accounts by the 31st December, 2016 and shall report it with respect to calendar year 2017 and subsequent years.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (1) and sub-rule (4), the taxpayer identification number is not required to be reported if,-
(i) a taxpayer identification number (including its functional equivalent) is not issued by the relevant country or territory outside India in which the person is resident for tax purposes or;
(ii) the domestic law of the relevant country or territory outside India does not require the collection of the taxpayer identification number issued by such country or territory.
(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (1), the place of birth is not required to be reported unless it is available in the electronically searchable data maintained by the reporting financial institution.
(7) The statement of reportable account required to be furnished under clause (k) of sub section (1) of section 285BA shall be furnished by a reporting financial institution in respect of each account which has been identified, pursuant to due diligence procedure specified in rule 114H, as a reportable account:
Provided that where pursuant to such due diligence procedures no account is identified as a reportable account, a nil statement shall be furnished by the reporting financial institution.
(8) The statement referred to in sub-rule (7) shall be furnished in Form No. 61B for every calendar year by the 31st day of May following that year:
Provided that the statement pertaining to calendar year 2014 shall be furnished by the 31st day of August, 2015.
(9) (a) The statement referred to in sub-rule (7) shall be furnished to the Director of Income-tax (Intelligence and Criminal Investigation) or the Joint Director of Income-tax (Intelligence and Criminal Investigation) through online transmission of electronic data to a server designated for this purpose under the digital signature in accordance with the data structure specified in this regard by the Principal Director General of Income-tax (Systems).
Explanation.— For the purposes of this sub-rule, "digital signature" means a digital signature issued by any Certifying Authority authorised to issue such certificates by the Controller of Certifying Authorities.
(b) Principal Director General of Income Tax (Systems) shall specify the procedures, data structures and standards for ensuring secure capture and transmission of data, evolving and implementing appropriate security, archival and retrieval policies.
(10) (a) Every reporting financial institution shall communicate to the Principal Director General of Income-tax (Systems) the name, designation and communication details of the Designated Director and the Principal Officer and obtain a registration number;
(b) The statement referred to in sub-rule (7) shall be signed, verified and furnished by the Designated Director of the reporting financial institution on the basis of information available with the institution:
Provided that where the reporting financial institution is a non-resident, the statement may be signed, verified and furnished by a person who holds a valid power of attorney from such Designated Director;
(c) It shall be the duty of every reporting financial institution, its Designated Director, Principal Officer and employees to observe the procedure and the manner of maintaining information as specified by its regulator.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this sub-rule,-
(a) "Designated Director" means a person designated by the reporting financial institution to ensure overall compliance with the obligations imposed under section 285BA and the rules made thereunder and includes—
(i) the Managing Director or a whole-time Director, as defined in the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013), duly authorised by the Board of Directors if the reporting financial institution is a company;
(ii) the managing partner if the reporting financial institution is a partnership firm;
(iii) the proprietor if the reporting financial institution is a proprietorship concern;
(iv) the managing trustee if the reporting financial institution is a trust;
(v) a person or individual, as the case may be, who controls and manages the affairs of the reporting financial institution if the reporting financial institution is an association of persons or a body of individuals, or any other person;
(b) "Principal Officer" means an officer designated by the reporting financial institution;
(c) "regulator" means a person or an authority or a Government which is vested with the power to license, authorise, register, regulate or supervise the activities of the reporting financial institution.
(11)(a) The regulator referred to in clause (c) of sub-rule (10) shall issue instructions or guidelines to,-
(i) incorporate the requirements of reporting and due diligence procedure specified under rules 114F to 114H;
(ii) provide the procedure and manner of maintaining the information by the reporting financial institution; and
(iii) ensure the availability of the information referred to in sub-rule (1) with the reporting financial institution for meeting its reporting obligation, if such information is not maintained by it under any rule or regulation issued by the regulator.
(b) Every reporting financial institution shall maintain information in respect of financial accounts in accordance with the procedure and manner as may be specified by its regulator from time to time so as to enable reporting of information prescribed under this rule and perform due diligence procedure specified under rule 114H.


Extra Notes for Readers:

- Rule 114G was introduced by the Income Tax (11th Amendment) Rules, 2015, w.e.f. 7th Aug. 2015


Reference/Source: Check at Income Tax site for latest version of the Rules - link

This page was last updated on 17th October 2016.
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