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Depreciation Rates as per Companies Act 2013

Depreciation under Companies Act, 2013

SCHEDULE II

(See section 123)


USEFUL LIVES TO COMPUTE DEPRECIATION


PART 'A'

1. Depreciation is the systematic allocation of the depreciable amount of an asset over its useful life. The depreciable amount of an asset is the cost of an asset or other amount substituted for cost, less its residual value. The useful life of an asset is the period over which an asset is expected to be available for use by an entity, or the number of production or similar units expected to be obtained from the asset by the entity.

2. For the purpose of this Schedule, the term depreciation includes amortisation.

3. Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of paragraph 1,—

(i) The useful life of an asset shall not be longer than the useful life specified in Part 'C' and the residual value of an asset shall not be more than five per cent of the original cost of the asset:

Provided that where a company uses a useful life or residual value of the asset which is different from the above limits, justification for the difference shall be disclosed in its financial statement.

(ii) For intangible assets, the provisions of the accounting standards applicable for the time being in force shall apply, except in case of intangible assets (Toll Roads) created under 'Build, Operate and Transfer', 'Build, Own, Operate and Transfer' or any other form of public private partnership route in case of road projects. Amortisation in such cases may be done as follows:—

(a) Mode of amortisation


Amortisation Amount


Cost of Intangible Assets (A)

Amortisation Amount =


Actual Revenue for the year (B)

Projected Revenue from Intangible Asset (till the end of the concession period) (C)

(b) Meaning of particulars are as follows :—
  • Cost of Intangible Assets (A) = Cost incurred by the company in accordance with the accounting standards.
  • Actual Revenue for the year (B) = Actual revenue (Toll Charges) received during the accounting year. 
  • Projected Revenue from Intangible Asset (C) = Total projected revenue from the Intangible Assets as provided to the project lender at the time of financial closure/agreement.
Revenue shall be reviewed at the end of each financial year and projected revenue shall be adjusted to reflect such changes, if any, in the estimates as will lead to the actual collection at the end of the concession period.The amortisation amount or rate should ensure that the whole of the cost of the intangible asset is amortised over the concession period.


(c) Example:—

Cost of creation of Intangible Assets

:

Rs. 500 Crores

Total period of Agreement

:

20 Years

Time used for creation of Intangible Assets

:

2 Years

Intangible Assets to be amortised in

:

18 Years

Assuming that the Total revenue to be generated out of Intangible Assets over the period would be Rs. 600 Crores, in the following manner:—


Year No.

Revenue (In Rs. Crores)

Remarks

Year 1

5

Actual

Year 2

7.5

Estimate*

Year 3

10

Estimate*

Year 4

12.5

Estimate*

Year 5

17.5

Estimate*

Year 6

20

Estimate*

Year 7

23

Estimate*

Year 8

27

Estimate*

Year 9

31

Estimate*

Year 10

34

Estimate*

Year 11

38

Estimate*

Year 12

41

Estimate*

Year 13

46

Estimate*

Year 14

50

Estimate*

Year 15

53

Estimate*

Year 16

57

Estimate*

Year 17

60

Estimate*

Year 18

67.5

Estimate*

Total

600



'*' will be actual at the end of financial year.
Based on this the charge for first year would be Rs. 4.16 Crore (approximately) (i.e. Rs. 5/Rs. 600 × Rs. 500 Crores) which would be charged to profit and loss and 0.83% (i.e. Rs. 4.16 Crore/Rs. 500 Crore × 100) is the amortisation rate for the first year.

Where a company arrives at the amortisation amount in respect of the said Intangible Assets in accordance with any method as per the applicable Accounting Standards, it shall disclose the same.


PART 'B'

4. The useful life or residual value of any specific asset, as notified for accounting purposes by a Regulatory Authority constituted under an Act of Parliament or by the Central Government shall be applied in calculating the depreciation to be provided for such asset irrespective of the requirements of this Schedule.


PART 'C'

5. Subject to Parts A and B above, the following are the useful lives of various tangible assets:

Nature of assets

Useful Life

I. Buildings [NESD]


(a)  Buildings (other than factory buildings) RCC Frame Structure

60 Years

(b)  Buildings (other than factory buildings) other than RCC Frame Structure

30 Years

(c)  Factory buildings

-do-

(d)  Fences, wells, tube wells

5 Years

(e)  Others (including temporary structure, etc.)

3 Years

II. Bridges, culverts, bunders, etc. [NESD]

30 Years

III. Roads [NESD]


(a)  Carpeted roads


(i) Carpeted Roads—RCC

10 Years

(ii)  Carpeted Roads—other than RCC

5 Years

(b)  Non-carpeted roads

3 Years

IV. Plant and Machinery


  (i)  General rate applicable to plant and machinery not covered under special plant and machinery


(a) Plant and Machinery other than continuous process plant not covered under specific industries

15 Years

4[(b) Continuous process plant for which no special rate has been prescribed under (ii) below [NESD]

25 Years]

(ii)  Special Plant and Machinery


(a)  Plant and Machinery related to production and exhibition of Motion Picture Films


 1.    Cinematograph films—Machinery used in the production and exhibition of cinematograph films, recording and reproducing equipments, developing machines, printing machines, editing machines, synchronizers and studio lights except bulbs

13 Years

 2.    Projecting equipment for exhibition of films

-do-

(b)  Plant and Machinery used in glass manufacturing


1. Plant and Machinery except direct fire glass melting furnaces —


Recuperative and regenerative glass melting furnaces

13 Years

2. Plant and Machinery except direct fire glass melting furnaces — Moulds [NESD]

8 Years

3. Float Glass Melting Furnaces [NESD]

10 Years

(c)  Plant and Machinery used in mines and quarries—Portable under ground machinery and earth moving machinery used in open cast mining [NESD]

8 Years

(d)  Plant and Machinery used in Telecommunications [NESD]


1. Towers

18 Years

2. Telecom transreceivers, switching centres, transmission and other network equipment

13 Years

3. Telecom—Ducts, Cables and optical fibre

18 Years

4. Satellites

-do-

(e)  Plant and Machinery used in exploration, production and refining oil and gas [NESD]


1. Refineries

25 Years

2. Oil and gas assets (including wells), processing plant and facilities

-do-

3. Petrochemical Plant

-do-

4. Storage tanks and related equipment

-do-

5. Pipelines

30 Years

6. Drilling Rig

-do-

7. Field operations (above ground) Portable boilers, drilling tools, well-head tanks, etc.

8 Years

8. Loggers

-do-

(f)  Plant and Machinery used in generation, transmission and distribution of power [NESD]


1. Thermal/Gas/Combined Cycle Power Generation Plant

40 Years

2. Hydro Power Generation Plant

-do-

3. Nuclear Power Generation Plant

-do-

4. Transmission lines, cables and other network assets

-do-

5. Wind Power Generation Plant

22 Years

6. Electric Distribution Plant

35 Years

7. Gas Storage and Distribution Plant

30 Years

8. Water Distribution Plant including pipelines

-do-

(g)  Plant and Machinery used in manufacture of steel


1. Sinter Plant

20 Years

2. Blast Furnace

-do-

3. Coke ovens

-do-

4. Rolling mill in steel plant

-do-

5. Basic oxygen Furnace Converter

25 Years

(h)  Plant and Machinery used in manufacture of non-ferrous metals


1. Metal pot line [NESD]

40 Years

2. Bauxite crushing and grinding section [NESD]

-do-

3. Digester section [NESD]

-do-

4. Turbine [NESD]

-do-

5. Equipments for Calcination [NESD]

-do-

6. Copper Smelter [NESD]

-do-

7. Roll Grinder

40 Years

8. Soaking Pit

30 Years

9. Annealing Furnace

-do-

10. Rolling Mills

-do-

11. Equipments for Scalping, Slitting, etc. [NESD]

-do-

12. Surface Miner, Ripper Dozer, etc., used in mines

25 Years

13. Copper refining plant [NESD]

-do-

(i) Plant and Machinery used in medical and surgical operations [NESD]


1. Electrical Machinery, X-ray and electrotherapeutic apparatus and accessories thereto, medical, diagnostic equipments, namely, Cat- Scan, Ultrasound Machines, ECG Monitors, etc.

13 Years

2. Other Equipments.

15 Years

(j)  Plant and Machinery used in manufacture of pharmaceuticals and chemicals [NESD]


1. Reactors

20 Years

2. Distillation Columns

-do-

3. Drying equipments/Centrifuges and Decanters

-do-

4. Vessel/storage tanks

-do-

(k)  Plant and Machinery used in civil construction


1. Concreting, Crushing, Piling Equipments and Road Making Equipments

12 Years

2. Heavy Lift Equipments—


Cranes with capacity of more than 100 tons

20 Years

Cranes with capacity of less than 100 tons

15 Years

3. Transmission line, Tunneling Equipments [NESD]

10 Years

4. Earth-moving equipments

9 Years

5. Others including Material Handling /Pipeline/Welding Equipments [NESD]

12 Years

(l)  Plant and Machinery used in salt works [NESD]

15 Years

V. Furniture and fittings [NESD]


(i) General furniture and fittings

10 Years

(ii)  Furniture and fittings used in hotels, restaurants and boarding houses, schools, colleges and other educational institutions, libraries; welfare centres; meeting halls, cinema houses; theatres and circuses; and furniture and fittings let out on hire for use on the occasion of marriages and similar functions.

8 Years

VI. Motor Vehicles [NESD]


1. Motor cycles, scooters and other mopeds

10 Years

2.  Motor buses, motor lorries, motor cars and motor taxies used in a business of running them on hire

6 Years

3. Motor buses, motor lorries and motor cars other than those used in a business of running them on hire

8 Years

4. Motor tractors, harvesting combines and heavy vehicles

-do-

5. Electrically operated vehicles including battery powered or fuel cell powered vehicles

8 Years

VII. Ships [NESD]


1. Ocean-going ships


  (i)  Bulk Carriers and liner vessels