Under the Foreign Exchange (Compounding Proceedings) Rules 2000, the Central Government may appoint ‘Compounding Authority’ an officer either from Enforcement Directorate or Reserve Bank of India for any person contravening any provisions of the FEMA.
Further detailed information on Compounding of Contraventions under FEMA, 1999 can be found here: https://rbi.org.in/scripts/NotificationUser.aspx?Mode=0&Id=10190
The Compounding Authorities are authorized to compound the amount involved in the contravention to the Act made by the person. No contravention shall be compounded unless the amount involved in such contravention is quantifiable.
Any second or subsequent contravention committed after the expiry of a period of three years from the date on which the contravention was previously compounded shall be deemed to be a first contravention.
The Compounding Authority may call for any information, record or any other documents relevant to the compounding proceedings. The Compounding Authority shall pass an order of compounding after affording an opportunity of being heard to all the concerns as expeditiously and not later than 180 days from the date of application made to the Compounding Authority.
Compounding Authority shall issue order specifying the provisions of the Act or of the rules, directions, requisitions or orders made there under in respect of which contravention has taken place along with details of the alleged contraventions.
Reference: Clause 3.3 of Annexure-6 of the Consolidated FDI Policy Circular of 2016 (D/o IPP F. No. 5(1)/2016-FC-1 Dated the June 07, 2016) issued by Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India.