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Trends in RBI Reserve Money (M0) 2016 vs 2015 vs 2014

Reserve money – also known as central bank money, base money or high powered money – plays a crucial role in the determination of monetary aggregates. Reserve money has two major components – currency in circulation and reserves.

Currency in circulation comprises currency with the public and cash in hand with banks. The public’s demand for currency is determined by a number of factors such as real income, price level, the opportunity cost of holding currency (i.e., the interest rate on interest-bearing assets) and the availability of alternative instruments of transactions, e.g., credit/debit cards, ATMs, cheque payments.

The demand for reserves by banks depends on the requirements for the maintenance of CRR and to meet payment obligations. The Reserve Bank is the banker to the banks and is the sole supplier of liquidity (or reserves) to these banks. A part of the reserves is supplied while performing central banking functions other than monetary policy operations and constitute the autonomous drivers of liquidity. (Source: RBI)


COMPARATIVE STATEMENT ON RESERVE MONEY Y-O-Y       (INR in billion)

ITEM
31-03-2016
31-03-2015
31-03-2014




Reserve Money
21807.4
19284.7
17327.4




Components (i+ii+iii)



i) Currency in Circulation
16634.6
14483.2
13010.7




ii) Bankers' Deposits with RBI
5018.3
4655.6
4297.0




iii)`Other' Deposits with RBI
154.5
145.9
19.7








Sources   (i+ii+iii+iv-v)







i) Net RBI Credit to Government  
4250.0
3734.1
6987.1
   of which: to Centre  
4245.6
3685.5
6976.4




ii) RBI Credit to Banks and Commercial Sector
3045.4
2025.0
574.9
    o/w : to Banks (includes NABARD)
2844.5
1876.6
486.5




iii) Net Foreign Exchange Assets of RBI
23834.8
21272.8
18025.3




iv) Govt.'s Currency Liabilities to the Public
219.1
194.4
173.4




v) Net Non-Monetary Liabilities of RBI
9541.7
7941.6
8433.2


The Reserve Money as on 30th September 2016 was INR 21,863.4 Billion.
The Reserve Money as on 28th October 2016 was INR 22,395.8 Billion.


The weekly stats on Reserve Money is published by RBI at the following link:
https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/Data_ReserveMoney.aspx
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