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Reserve Money (M0) Of India As On 31st March, 2017 / 2016 / 2015 / 2014

Reserve money – also known as central bank money, base money or high powered money – plays a crucial role in the determination of monetary aggregates. Reserve money has two major components – currency in circulation and reserves.


Currency in circulation comprises currency with the public and cash in hand with banks. The public’s demand for currency is determined by a number of factors such as real income, price level, the opportunity cost of holding currency (i.e., the interest rate on interest-bearing assets) and the availability of alternative instruments of transactions, e.g., credit/debit cards, ATMs, cheque payments.

The demand for reserves by banks depends on the requirements for the maintenance of CRR and to meet payment obligations. The Reserve Bank is the banker to the banks and is the sole supplier of liquidity (or reserves) to these banks. A part of the reserves is supplied while performing central banking functions other than monetary policy operations and constitute the autonomous drivers of liquidity. (Source: RBI)


COMPARATIVE STATEMENT ON RESERVE MONEY Y-O-Y       (INR in billion)


ITEM

31-03-2017

31-03-2016

31-03-2015

31-03-2014


Reserve Money

19004.8

21807.4

19284.7

17327.4


Components (i+ii+iii)


i) Currency in Circulation

13352.7

16634.6

14483.2

13010.7


ii) Bankers' Deposits with RBI

5441.3

5018.3

4655.6

4297.0


iii)`Other' Deposits with RBI

210.9

154.5

145.9

19.7



Sources   (i+ii+iii+iv-v)



i) Net RBI Credit to Government  

6208.1

4250.0

3734.1

6987.1

   of which: to Centre  

6195.9

4245.6

3685.5

6976.4


ii) RBI Credit to Banks and Commercial Sector

-3092.8

3045.4

2025.0

574.9

    o/w : to Banks (includes NABARD)

-3165.7

2844.5

1876.6

486.5


iii) Net Foreign Exchange Assets of RBI

23972.1

23834.8

21272.8

18025.3


iv) Govt.'s Currency Liabilities to the Public

250.9

219.1

194.4

173.4


v) Net Non-Monetary Liabilities of RBI

8333.5

9541.7

7941.6

8433.2



The Reserve Money as on 1st September, 2017 was INR 20,449.6 Billion. Download .xlsx


The weekly stats on Reserve Money is published by RBI at the following link:

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