Industrial Laws in India

Industrial Law, which is also known as the law of employment, and which is commonly understood as the labour law of a country is an important set of rules that regulates mainly the relationship between employers and employees, employers and trade unions, and trade unions and employees of various industries/companies/organisations.

These Industrial laws ensure the compliance by an industry/company/organisation of all such industrial laws, in order to create a harmony in between the parties as mentioned above. This harmony not only relates to the harmony of the work condition of the industry/company/organisation but also the pay scale, health, working hours of employees/workers and other several issues of the industry/company/organisation.

Further, Industrial laws also cover environmental laws, laws of contracts, etc.

In India, several laws has been enacted in relation to the industrial laws, some of the major laws among all are:- List of industrial laws in India

(1) The Minimum Wages Act, 1948;
(2) The Payment of Wages Act, 1936;
(3) The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965;
(4) The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972;
(5) The Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923;
(6) The Factories Act, 1948;
(7) The Employee's State Insurance Act, 1948;
(8) The Employee's Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952;
(9) The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947;
(10) The Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951;

(11) The Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986;
(12) The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970;
(13) The Trade Unions Act, 1926

Above list of Industrial laws is not exhaustive, there are also some other industrial laws. But the acts as mentioned above are the acts which is generally followed by most organisations.

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